Electron acceleration to MeV energies at Jupiter and Saturn

first_imgThe radiation belts and magnetospheres of Jupiter and Saturn show significant intensities of relativistic electrons with energies up to tens of MeV. To date, the question on how the electrons reach such high energies is not fully answered. This is largely due to the lack of high‐quality electron spectra in the MeV energy range that models could be fit to. We reprocess data throughout the Galileo orbiter mission in order to derive Jupiter’s electron spectra up to tens of MeV. In the case of Saturn, the spectra from the Cassini orbiter are readily available and we provide a systematic analysis aiming to study their acceleration mechanisms. Our analysis focuses on the magnetospheres of these planets, at distances of L > 20 and L > 4 for Jupiter and Saturn, respectively, where electron intensities are not yet at radiation belt levels. We find no support that MeV electrons are dominantly accelerated by wave‐particle interactions in the magnetospheres of both planets at these distances. Instead, electron acceleration is consistent with adiabatic transport. While this is a common assumption, confirmation of this fact is important since many studies on sources, losses, and transport of energetic particles rely on it. Adiabatic heating can be driven through various radial transport mechanisms, for example injections driven by the interchange instability or radial diffusion. We cannot distinguish these processes at Saturn with our technique. For Jupiter, we suggest that the dominating acceleration process is radial diffusion because injections are never observed at MeV energies.last_img read more

Government launches food labelling consultation

first_imgThe government will conduct a UK-wide consultation with food manufacturers, supermarkets and health experts on how best to label nutritional content in food.Today, health secretary Andrew Lansley launched the 12-week consultation, which will look to encourage all UK food businesses to use a uniformed labelling system. This will allow consumers to be aware of levels of fat, sugar, salt and calories in food.Current formats include the “traffic light” colour-coded system, which labels unhealthy levels in food with red, green for healthy and yellow for average. Guideline Daily Amounts (GDAs) offer a percentage of recommended intake.European regulations state nutritional information must be labelled either by per portion or per 100g.Lansley said: “We want to arrive at a consistent format. At the moment we have a lot of different approaches, but I recognise there are some really big commercial interests here. What I want is for people to be able to buy the same shopping basket, but that basket to have less saturated fats, fewer sugars and less salt in it. So it is about people changing their behaviour.”Dr Vivienne Nathanson, head of science at the British Medical Association, told the BBC he was aiming for a system which “incorporates not only what Europe requires in terms of recommended daily allowance for calories and sugar and salt and saturated fats, but in addition to that to give a means by which consumers can look at a glance, for example using things like colour coding”.last_img read more

Milling man garners widespread bakery support for 10k run

first_imgA host of 33 bakery businesses have sponsored a milling manager to take on the Great Manchester Run.Paul Tracey, sales manager of Nelstrops Family Millers in Stockport, will be running the 10k in memory of his late father, an ex-Hovis apprentice and previous sales manager at the mill.The sponsors include: Upper Crust Bakery, Preston; Caterpac, Newcastle upon Tyne; Reynolds Bakery, Hull; and 30 others.Tracey said: “Travelling on a near national basis for Nelstrops I can honestly say that the industry’s response has been tremendous. From high street bakeries to multiples, people have been so generous both in their donations and words of encouragement. One wholesaler even offered to run a ‘dress down’ day for all the staff in their three offices, raising a tidy sum.“I feel that a big part of this, apart from the camaraderie that exists within the industry, is that most seem to know someone who has suffered or is suffering from cancer.”Tracey’s father sadly died of liver cancer in summer last year, and was known by many in the industry.So far Tracey has raised more than £1,600 for the charity, after initially setting a target of £500.His T-shirt for the day will contain all of his sponsors’ logos, which he will wear as he completes the 10k run across Manchester.last_img read more

Colorado’s ARISE Music Festival Announces 2018 Artist Lineup

first_imgARISE Music Festival has announced the initial lineup for their 6th annual event, set to take place at the picturesque Sunrise Ranch in Loveland, CO on August 3rd – 5th, 2018.ARISE has become Colorado’s fastest growing summer music festival, anchored in the state’s strong live music-loving community. The multi-genre music festival includes 5 stages showcasing a diverse mix of top-notch performers from the worlds of funk, reggae, bluegrass, jam, hip-hop, rock, electronic, folk, conscious roots music, and beyond. This year’s eclectic lineup will feature sets from Slightly Stoopid, Thievery Corporation, Trevor Hall, Pepper, Living Legends, Ott, Quixotic, Everyone Orchestra, The Lil Smokies, Dumpstaphunk, Con Brio, Kitchen Dwellers, Shook Twins, ProbCause, and more. The announcement also iterated that there will be two more major headliners announced in April and May, respectively.All in all, this year’s 6th Annual ARISE Music Festival will feature well over 200 scheduled performances and presentations throughout the weekend. The 2018 edition of ARISE will also be conscious of the local environment: the festival will continue its long-standing commitment to plant one tree for every ticket sold, in addition to maintaining unwavering leave-no-trace ethos. As always, ARISE aims to be a “vehicle for community-building and creating a festival experience which inspires positivity, joy and active engagement in issues of social justice.”Other audience attractions and amenities at ARISE include yoga, workshops, art, film, activism, and a renowned Children’s Village, in addition to all the usual fun, creativity, and community of a three-day camping festival. Head to the festival website for more information.ARISE Music Festival 2018 Initial LineupSlightly StoopidThievery CorporationTrevor HallPepperLiving LegendsOtt.QuixoticEveryone OrchestraThe Lil SmokiesStart Making SenseDumpstaphunkKitchen DwellersCharlestheFirstBass PhysicsAyla NereoCon BrioShook TwinsThe Dustbowl RevivalProbCauseDustin ThomasFriends And FamilyEminence EnsembleBridget Law – Artist At LargeDYNOHUNTERPlantraeThe WooksTubby Love &∙Amber LilyDragondeerEthan TuckerMagna CardaGasoline LollipopsThe Peace PoetsSkydyedRoots of Creation’s Grateful DubOld Salt UnionMikey ThunderDead FloydTrevor GreenJyemo ClubLunar FireXiuhtezcatlSpectacleTIERRO w/ Bridget LawThe BurnedKatie GrayDubSkinMeadow MountainThe JaunteeIntuitBijay Shrestha & Andy SkellengerMegan HamiltonGuerrilla FanfareLey LineIndigenous Sisters of Hip-Hop featuring Lyla June, La Marea and Katrina BenallyFunkStatikTelemetryProximityTotemAndrew SturtzFierce le FeyMountainUsRhythm Sanctuary[Cover photo: Eric Allen Photography/ARISE Facebook]last_img read more

Fellow and professor examine role of IMF in financial crises in developing countries

first_imgIn a lecture in the Hesburgh Center auditorium Tuesday hosted by the Kellogg Institute, visiting Kellogg fellow Bumba Mukherjee and Notre Dame assistant professor Alexandra Guisinger spoke about their joint research on financial crises in developing countries and the conditions associated with the success of International Monetary Fund (IMF) programs in those countries.Mukherjee said based on the duo’s research, they believe the success of programs suggested by the IMF, which lends money to countries facing economic and financial crisis, is largely dependent upon the financial and political power of non-bank financial institutions — more commonly referred to as “shadow banks.”“As financial globalization has taken off in the last 20, 30 years in the developing world in particular, [shadow banks] are becoming important business actors,” he said.Guisinger said countries turn to the IMF to avoid the possibility of deep economic recession in times of financial and economic distress — specifically when there is danger of a “sudden reversal” or the abrupt decline in the inflow of capital. However, Guisinger said the IMF can complicate the economic situation, bringing in “a new set of actors, a new set of incentives and can interact with this more general pattern of the ebbs and flows of capital.”The standard recommendation of the IMF for a country to avoid a sudden reversal, Mukherjee said, is to impose regulations on shadow banking. He said a problem arises when the shadow banks of a given country are powerful enough to effectively oppose the IMF regulations.“When you have these extremely concentrated, very strong, large, financially powerful shadow banks, that’s precisely when IMF programs won’t work,” Mukherjee said. “If anything, they’ll make things even worse.”Guisinger said the result is the departure of foreign investors and a stock market crash, which can have “cascading effects on the economy and on political conditions.”“Stock market crashes are not trivial,” Mukherjee said. “They have terrible consequences. Investments collapse, the economy collapses, unemployment rates go up, there’s political riots — people respond.”Mukherjee said citizens associate the IMF, and thus the government responsible for asking the IMF to help, with the financial crisis. He said this puts enormous political pressure on government officials, who resort to fraud out of fear for their political careers.“It’s this deadly combination in terms of IMF programs and financial crises that leads to these bad political outcomes,” he said.Mukherjee said his research with Guisinger led him to conclude that the IMF should reform its approach and consider countries on a case by case basis.“The problem here is that the IMF is not really talking to governments who come to them desperately looking for help,” Mukherjee said. “They are coming up with this blueprint without really looking at local conditions, which is not working.”Tags: financial crisis, IMF, International Monetary Fund, Kellogg Institute, NBFI, non-bank financial institutions, Recession, shadow bankslast_img read more

Tod Austin Named Regional President of TD Insurance

first_imgBURLINGTION, Vermont – Tod Austin has joined TD Insurance, Inc. in Burlington as the Regional President. TD Insurance is among the top 50 agencies in the U.S. with a reputation for quality customer service and a disciplined approach to managing insurance risk.Austin has 25 years of experience in the insurance industry. For five years prior to joining TD Insurance, he served as President of Hackett, Valine & MacDonald. Austin has earned the Chartered Property Casualty Underwriter designation.A Shelburne resident, Austin is a past board member of the Lake Champlain Chamber of Commerce and the United Way of Chittenden County. He is a 1979 graduate of the University of Vermont, where he received an economics degree.TD Insurance, Inc. is a subsidiary of TD Bank, N.A., and has been providing insurance solutions and personalized service for over 100 years. Accomplished and knowledgeable agents offer a full range of commercial and personal insurance products that help clients create insurance strategies that meet their unique needs. For more information, visit http://www.TDInsure.com(link is external).last_img read more

CUES honors 2016 Executive Award Winners and Hall of Fame Honorees

first_imgDavid Brock, CCUE, CCE, CIE, CEO of $582 million Community Credit Union, Rockledge, Fla., was named the CUES Outstanding Chief Executive. He is shown in the photo at right with CUES Chair Joe Hearn, CCE, president/CEO of Dupaco Community Credit Union, Dupuque, Iowa (left); and John Pembroke (right), CUES’ president/CEO.Brock took the stage and said, “First I want to thank CUES for selecting me. CUES has been a great resource to me for my entire career. The thought leadership that you get exposed to and the educational programs are just second to none. And then I’m truly grateful that I’ve been able to spend the last 40 years now working as a credit union professional. The past 25 years at Community Credit Union in Florida have been just exceptional. I’ve been blessed to have a wonderful board of directors that has supported me, that has encouraged me and that has been extremely patient with me over the years.”Brock introduced several members of his excecutive team who were in attendance.“Any success our team has had has come about because we continue to stay curious and we continue to learn about our industry. You have to work at it. As Frederick Douglass said, ‘If there is no struggle, there is no progress.’”Brock thanked his wife, who joined via FaceTime, and concluded by saying, “What a great opportunity [we have] to work in an industry that you can employ both your head and your heart.” continue reading » 3SHARESShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblrlast_img read more

Is your credit union cyber secure?

first_img 1SHARESShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblr continue reading » Halloween. Columbus Day. National Cyber Security Awareness Month (NCSAM). October is a busy month! Each October, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security and the National Cyber Security Alliance join forces to educate businesses, consumers and students on how to stay safe and secure online.This year, as NCSAM turns 15, the campaign goal is to increase awareness of the shared responsibility we have in securing digital assets. Credit union employees often remind members how to protect their accounts. But, who reminds the employees to be just as careful with their online activities and digital duties? After all, anyone at any level is susceptible to scams, phishing attempts and fraud.Let’s think about NCSAM as a four-week refresher course in cyber security, and start with the basics.What is Cyber Security?The U.S Commerce Department’s National Institute of Standards and Technology defines cyber security as the protection of information and information systems from unauthorized access, use, disclosure, disruption, modification or destruction in order to provide confidentiality, integrity and availability.last_img read more

Uniline opened a new office in Zagreb and further strengthened its position as a leading Croatian tour operator

first_imgBy opening a new office in Zagreb, Uniline symbolically confirms the continuity of the development path that began 22 years ago, when they started with 5 employees and an office of only a few rooms in the Pula hotel Riviera. Today, Uniline employs over 200 employees, 40 of whom are in the newly opened and modernly equipped Zagreb office in Oreškovićeva Street.”By opening a new office in Zagreb, we are further strengthening our position as a leading Croatian tour operator with the desire to create and sell innovative tourist experiences to reach the position of a leader in Southeast Europe. It is part of our strategy to respond to market challenges by entering the development of sports and health tourism and new overseas markets, and in infrastructure by introducing a new and complex information system and the gradual and systematic digitalization of business. ”, Boris Žgomba, President of the Management Board and co-owner of Uniline, emphasized in front of the gathered business partners during the opening  new office in ZagrebUniline generates annual revenue of HRK 380 million, and the company’s services in Croatia and the region are used by almost 360 guests. With headquarters in Pula, branches throughout the country and representative offices in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Slovenia and China and Korea, the company has recently been increasingly turning to the markets of South America and Australia, and is the exclusive franchisee of Europcar for Croatia. with a fleet of 1200 vehicles.last_img read more

Karlovac Aquatika winner of the regional award Brand Leader Award 2018

first_imgAt the 8th Business Conference “South East Europe Tourism – SEET 2018”, the public institution Aquatika was awarded the prestigious Brand Leader Award 2018 for the best authentic project and outstanding contribution to the promotion of a unique tourist experience in the market of Southeast Europe.It is an award intended for companies and projects that have stood out with innovation, a high degree of market recognition and positioning of authentic products.The SEET 2018 conference brought together participants from all countries of Southeast Europe, Russia, Turkey, the United Arab Emirates and China. As part of the conference, a panel “Destinations of health, beauty and unique experience” was held with the participation of the director of Aquatika, who pointed out that, in addition to providing a unique tourist experience based on natural resources, Aquatika seeks to educate children and youth through its own educational programs. Additionally, during the conference, the entire tourist offer of Karlovac was presented and B2B workshops were held, the aim of which was to further promote Croatian continental tourism in Europe and the world.”This award shows that Aquatika is recognized beyond the borders of our beautiful country. It is also a great recognition for all employees, as well as for all those who participated in the implementation of this EU project. The primary goal of Aquatika was to encourage the development of tourism in Karlovac and generate attractive tourist facilities and experiences throughout the year. I can say with certainty that we succeeded in that, and in addition to the development of tourism, we also managed to positively influence the development of entrepreneurship in the Karlovac area.”, Said the director of the Public Institution Aquatika Margarita Maruškić Kulaš.That Karlovac’s Aquatika has already been recognized and acknowledged is evidenced by its other awards. Among them are: the “Sustainable Tourism” award for outstanding contribution to nature and environment, two prestigious A + Awards in the category of Architecture + Landscape, first place in the category “National projects” at the Bled Water Festival, the award “Blue Flower of Accessibility” for 2017 ., the title of the second most successful local EU project in Croatia and the recognition of the Croatian Public Relations Association in the category of Public Relations in regional and local self-government. Before it was even realized, the project called “Freshwater Aquarium and Museum of Rivers – KAquarium” was recognized by the European Union. The project, whose holder is the City of Karlovac, is co-financed by the European Regional Development Fund in the amount of HRK 36.222.282, while its total value is HRK 36.691.939.last_img read more