Unanswered questions from CCJ President

first_imgDear Editor,Prime Minister of Barbados, Freundel Stuart, in a viral social media video posted on Saturday, May 19, 2018, addressed the functioning of the Caribbean Court of Justice (CCJ), and promised that his country would break from the Caribbean Court of Justice in its appellate jurisdiction once his party is re-elected to office.Editor, this Prime Minister’s comments carry much weight in Guyana, considering conflict-of-interest questions as well as other unanswered questions. Prime Minister Stuart talks about “politicians wearing robes” – a reference to the judges on the CCJ bench – and expresses concern about “attitudes” that impact the CCJ’s functioning.For Guyanese, the reference to attitudes is an interesting one, more so considering the questions about the actions of CCJ President Sir Dennis Byron in Guyana. Sir Byron has still not clarified his involvement in local happenings, despite questions having been raised in our own local letter columns about his involvement.There are also unanswered questions about linkages involving Sir Byron’s Judicial Assistant, Richard Layne, whose grandfather, James Patterson, was unilaterally appointed GECOM Chairman. Layne is also connected to the father of a sitting Minister, since it was Donald Trotman – who also has another controversial appointment as head of the Lindo Creek CoI – who presented his petition for admission to the local Bar.That certain top Government officials have displayed ‘inside knowledge’ about how the CCJ will rule in the third term presidential challenge remains something that the Court itself has not addressed; displaying instead a silence that is even more worrying when you factor in Prime Minister Stuart’s recent comments about “politicians in robes” sitting on the CCJ bench.Editor, in my humble view, the biggest worry that the CCJ has is about losing the confidence of people. Once the Caribbean people lose confidence in the CCJ, there will be many ramifications. Looking ahead, you have to wonder if the CCJ will answer the unanswered questions and put to rest concerns, or allow the growing problem of confidence in the CCJ to fester.Sincerely,Zeniah Talbotlast_img read more

Weekly MP Report from Jay Hill

first_imgIt was urgent that we pressed upon the opposition the need to pass this legislation in order to ensure that no sexual predators, including Karla Holmolka, are able to apply for a pardon over the summer months! I’ll be blunt.  After enjoying last year, one of the most productive Parliamentary sessions in Canadian history in terms of legislation passed, and after serving with the longest-lasting minority Parliament in history, this “congested” session in the House of Commons has been VERY tough.  But a lot can change in a week. MPs also passed Bill, C-24, legislation that will help First Nations move forward with commercial developments and Bill C-13, Fairness for Military Families, which will enhance access to Employment Insurance benefits for our soldiers and their families.  And finally, we passed Bill C-40, legislation to enact October 1st as National Seniors Day. Compromise was also the order of the day when working closely with the opposition parties to secure passage of Bill C-11.  Our Government introduced this legislation to preserve the integrity of Canada’s refugee and immigration system.  It will enhance fairness to refugees genuinely seeking shelter from conflict and oppression, yet crack down on those who attempt to jump the queue and play the system with bogus refugee claims.  And in yet a further compromise, all parties, with the exception of the New Democrats, signed a deal regarding the release of government documents related to the transfer of Afghan detainees, striking the balance between national security, the safety of our troops and Parliament’s right to examine information.  Unfortunately, the NDP put partisanship before public interest and had organized to meet with the media to tell them they were rejecting the deal even before they had seen the final agreement. Another big win came with an agreement, following intense negotiations with the opposition parties, to pass certain aspects of Bill C-23, which our Conservative Government had introduced to eliminate pardons for those convicted of sex crimes.  MP Report by Jay Hill, M.P.“A Productive Week in the House of Commons” In all, in the span of just one week, the House of Commons passed eight Government bills.  This was a good week in Canada’s Parliament. – Advertisement – As Government House Leader, my job is to shepherd legislation through the House of Commons.  It requires engaging the opposition parties in negotiation, cooperation, some compromise, and a huge dose of patience.  Throughout this past week, it paid off. It also took cooperation with the Liberals to overcome NDP resistance to the passage of Bill C-2, the Canada-Columbia Free Trade Agreement.  After extensive debate and examination the legislation is now before the Senate.  The agreement will provide greater access to a market of 45 million people for Canadian exporters of wheat, pulses, barley, paper products and heavy equipment.  Colombia is also a strategic destination for Canadian investment, especially in mining, oil exploration, printing and education. The biggest pay off came with the passage of Bill C-9, our Conservative Government’s Jobs and Economic Growth legislation.  The 2010 Budget, critical to Canada’s fragile economic recovery, is now being debated in the Senate on track to becoming law.last_img read more

Have your voice heard on a provincial level

first_imgThe following is a letter written by Darcy and obtained from the Concerned Citizens for Health Care movement.As I promised when I was in Fort St. John, will be speaking about the health care crisis in Fort St. John when I respond to the Throne Speech on Monday October 20! But I am also hoping to raise the issue in Question Period sometime soon. For that to be most effective, it would be great to be able to refer to specific stories with the names of people who have serious stories to tell and would be willing to be “validators” (and whom the media could contact).As you know, I took tons of notes that night at the Community meeting, but I didn’t get names of most people who spoke cause it was all happening so quickly. In particular, I am trying to find the person who said they had to drive 5 hours to Fort Nelson to see their former doctor, and someone who said they had to stand outside for 4 hours in -30 degree weather to wait to get into the walk-in clinic. (Even if it’s not people who spoke up that night, but people I can call who have similar stories to tell, that would work well too).- Advertisement -Thanks so much.JudyJudy DarcyMLA New WestminsterOpposition Spokesperson for HealthJ.Darcy@leg.bc.caCommunity Office (604) 775-2101Legislative Office (250) 387-3655Advertisementlast_img read more

Liverpool’s title odds tumble following stunning display against Southampton – Coral Daily Download

first_imgDave Stevens joins the Alan Brazil Sports Breakfast to round up the latest sporting odds.The Coral spokesman looks ahead to Thursday night’s Championship clash between Reading and QPR, revealing Neil Warnock is 16/5 to sign off as interim Hoops boss with a win.He also delivers the latest prices on offer for Capital One Cup glory, with the semi-finals pitting Everton against Man City and Stoke against Liverpool.Liverpool are into 6/4 after their stunning 6-1 victory over Southampton in the quarter-finals, but Manchester City remain the 13/10 favourites to lift the trophy, while Everton and Stoke are both 7/1.Stevens also reveals that Liverpool’s Premier League title odds have tumbled from 20/1 to 11/1 as a result of their outstanding performance at St Mary’s.Coral is the official betting partner of the Alan Brazil Sports Breakfastlast_img read more


first_imgSUN COMES OUT AT LECKVIEW BUT ROVERS REINED INRovers goalkeeper Rory Kelly had a super game. Pic by Northwest Newspix.If there was one consolation from last night’s late, late goal that decided the outcome of the F.A.I. Cup replay at Leckview Park – and there can’t have been too many as far as the home side were concerned – it was that at least nobody in a Letterkenny Rovers jersey was going to have to live with the memory of being the one to miss the crucial spot-kick in the shoot-out that was within three minutes of coming our wayBut still cruel agony for a courageous Rovers who matched their League of Ireland opponents all the way right from the kick-off at Lissywoollen only to be denied 207 minutes into a tie that had remained stalemate up to that winning strike. It could, of course, have been all so different and had those of us occupying vantage points behind the visiting goal been in a position to do so, we would have raised that bar sufficiently to allow Stevie Okakpu Emeka’s close range stoppage time header to fire in under it rather than off it.As it happened, Athlone Town came close to snatching it themselves when, from the resulting breakaway, substitute Emeka Onwubiko had a shot brilliantly parried away by Rory Kelly in the home goal with David Shovlin blocking the danger as Val Feeney looked set to score from the rebound.The sun was out in strength at Leckview along with a decent Tuesday evening attendance and Eamon McConigley’s men can take huge credit for providing them with a performance of grit and graft.They could, and possibly should, have won it in Athlone and had other chances last night to book their passage into the next round but not to be. This could have gone either way but Alan O’Sullivan’s strike those three minutes from the end of extra-time –set up by Onwubik who, I thought, was the difference in the end – finally decided it.Rovers, however, undoubtedly made up for the disappointment of that Intermediate Cup Final loss with an inspiring performance against the Midlanders.Hell, even the great A.C. Milan couldn’t manage to beat Athlone Town on one famous occasion.HARPS PULL THE TRIGGERIreland and Liverpool legend Jason McAteer who attended the Finn Harps fundraiser.Shay Given should go to France; Seamus Coleman should go to Manchester United; and Finn Harps should remain in the Premier Division of the League of Ireland at the expense of Shamrock Rovers. Oh, and God has a Donegal accent. The man who put the ball in the Holland net was in Letterkenny last night in company with Irish Comedian of the Year, Eric Lalor – the alternative royal visit and one that drew a sizeable gathering to the Shellbridge Suite of the Clanree Hotel.Jason McAteer was in town having first swung round by Ballyliffen, we were told, to have a round on the links. Though he’ll hardly have managed a shot like the one he engineered against the Dutch on that glory evening back in September 2001 which just about assured Ireland of a place in the World Cup qualifying play-offs.The Finn Harps fundraising night organised in conjunction with McGettigans proved a tonic for the troops – with Lalor introducing himself as a Bohemians supporter and thanking Ciaran Gallagher for his recent penalty save against them. But still, he insisted, he’d prefer Harps in the Premier Division to the Hoops from Tallaght. Spoken like a true Bohs fan.Fresh from his stint at Ballyliffen – “a lovely place to play golf” – ‘Trigger’ launched into a series of stories from club and country that had us reeling in the aisles, McAteer and Lalor providing the perfect double act on stage. Not enough space in this week’s column to venture into any of the anecdotes (though I may get a chance to air one or two of them next time out) but the former Ireland and Liverpool midfielder was adamant on a couple of points.Our own Shay Given is desperate to go to France for the Euros. “I want to see him go and I think he will go,” ‘Trigger’ told his Donegal audience.And Seamus Coleman? Not his or Everton’s best season with a loss of confidence affecting his game, McAteer argued. But the Scouser had some solid advice for the Killybegs defender. “I’d like to see him leave Everton and go to Manchester United.” Spoken, not, like a true Liverpool fan.Meanwhile, reacting to the deep tones of one questioner in the Q&A session that marked the second part of the night, Lalor decided that God truly has a Donegal accent. I tell you, we’re blessed.An entertaining night at the Clanree and if you missed it, you’ll need to travel to Limerick where the pair are performingtonight.That revelation prompted one bright spark in the audience to persuade McAteer and Lalor to mention the name of one B.J. Banda when they get there!CRUMBLING UNITEDGregory Moorhouse(Crumlin) who scored 4 goals in the last two weeks between Letterkenny Rovers and Finn Harps.Three defeats in succession. Twelve conceded and nothing to show for it at the other end of the field. How an entire season can change in the blink of a couple of weeks.Let’s face it, Finn Harps latest reversal, the Cup game against Crumlin United, was no real surprise given the downturn in confidence after those crushing upsets by Dundalk and St. Patrick’s Athletic. And, it should be added, given the Dubliners’ outstanding performance against Letterkenny Rovers in the Intermediate Cup Final the previous weekend.No surprise, either, that the scorer of the only goal at Finn Park on Saturday night was Gregory Moorhouse who followed on from his hat-trick display against Rovers to pile more agony on a Donegal side in a Cup competition.Due to a later than expected return from the Ulster Schools Track and Field Championships at the Antrim Forum on Saturday, I didn’t make it along to Ballybofey for the F.A.I Cup tie but the updates on social media and radio were continuing to convince me that I wasn’t missing too much in the way of an impressive Harps performance.True, the dismissal of Barry Molloy after picking up two yellow cards in the space of a couple of minutes didn’t help but even a ten man Premier League side should be able to do the business against a non-league outfit, even one as capable as Crumlin United.Difficult to believe that’s it all of two weeks since Harps fans were lauding that 2-2 draw at the home of their fiercest rivals.Not the first time in their history that the Finn Parkers have leaked a dozen goals in three successive outings – thanks to Bartley Ramsay’s club bible, I’m able to reveal they started off the 1984-85 campaign in similar generous fashion – but after their encouraging opening third to this season, and a defence that appeared reasonably watertight up to that Dundalk clattering, we would have been expecting more.The concern is, not just the fact that Harps have conceded twelve in three games, but that they haven’t managed themselves to register anything on the scoreboard.Ryan Curran has netted a handful of goals but, as reflected on in these parts earlier in the current campaign, Ollie Horgan requires a proven striker with goal scoring credentials and whether the July transfer window can provide one of that quality – not to mention the Harps kitty – is open to debate.“We need to turn this and it’s not just going to turn by talking about it,” manager Horgan declared in the gloom of the Finn Park clubhouse after the defeat to Crumlin.Still, what better way to turn fortunes around than by a visit to Tallaght in your next game and a meeting with ‘de Rovers.Now there’s game to help eradicate the goals against column.BRENDAN RODGERS AT CELTIC PARK 1….GLASGOW, SCOTLAND – MAY 23: Celtic unveil their new Manager, Brendan Rodgers at Celtic Park Glasgow on May 23, 2016 in Glasgow, Scotland. (Photo by Steve Welsh/Getty Images)There are those of us who strongly believe that Celtic wouldn’t even require a manager to win the Scottish Premier Division title and could safely negotiate a season without one and still be too strong for the “opposition” that particular league provides every year.But now that old rivals, Rangers, will be rejoining the fray from next season, it’s probably safer to have one installed and who better than the man, who but for a Steven Gerrard slip-up, would without a doubt have claimed the Premiership title in England a couple of short years ago.As you may have seen in this neck of the news woods earlier this week, Brendan Rodgers got his first taste of Glasgow Celtic when he, as an 11 year old, was taken to Finn Park back in 1984 to watch the Scottish giants in what was billed as a festival of football (Manchester City and Southampton were also involved in that mini-tournament). The Scots beat Harps 3-0 and the young Rodgers had seen enough to convince him that here was a club worth the watching though had he told anyone back then that he would, one day, manage the Hoops he would have been laughed all the way down Navenny Street.But here he is now, officially appointed in the role and bidding to not alone reclaim another Scottish title but also to advance the club’s cause in Europe where they didn’t exactly shine under Ronnie Deila.From next season, it’s back to a two horse canter but the stark reality is that both Old Firmers require a new racecourse if they are to bring the competitive edge back into their game.BRENDAN ROGERS AT CELTIC PARK 2….The Tyrone manager will be glad of his sides first championship win of 2016 against rivals DerryWell, safe to say that we can discount Derry as any serious challenge in the All-Ireland Championship. Not after that totally dispirited performance against arch rivals, Tyrone, in the opening salvo of this year’s Ulsters.There was none of the fire and brimstone that marked the teams’ meeting in the McKenna Cup Final at the start of the year when, within four seconds of the throw-in, Derry’s defensive operator, Brendan Rogers was left in a heap on the pitch by Tyrone’s Tiernan McCann.This time, Rogers lasted a lot longer but was up against one of the true stars of the game, Sean Cavanagh, who all too often had the measure of him in one of the stand-out duels of Sunday’s encounter at Celtic Park.Cavanagh’s Tyrone were always likely to win this one and when the clocked had ticked up to the twenty minute mark, Mickey Harte’s re-emerging forces were in command on the pitch and on the scoreboard which signalled a 2-5 to 0-5 advantage.For the past couple of years, I’ve been one of those who considered this Tyrone team and their manager well past their sell-by date. Wrong on both counts.Recent performances have suggested that our neighbours would appear to have regained the substance and sting that has been missing in recent timesThe Ulster Championship title would surely only be a stepping stone on the way to greater things. Unless the likes of Donegal – much better equipped than their Derry counterparts to do so – can put a stop to their gallop.WONDER WEEKEND FOR DONEGAL QUARTETThe Donegal man who helped Hibs defeat Rangers to win the Scottish CupSome week this has been for Donegal sports stars operating both at home and aboard. On Friday last, Raphoe’s Chloe Magee and Letterkenny’s Sinead Jennings, were confirmed by Team Ireland for places on the plane to Rio And on Monday it was the turn of Brendan Boyce from Milford to walk his way onto that flight.And while, Conrad Logan, won’t be making the trip to the Olympics – in a professional capacity at least – he’ll still have a summer to celebrate after claiming a Cup winners medal following Hibernian’s dramatic 3-2 win over Rangers at Hampden Park.The Ramelton born goalkeeper wasn’t around when Hibs last brought the Scottish Cup to Edinburgh – none of us were given that it was only a mere 114 years ago – but he’s capped this season (it was his two penalty stops that helped Hibernian through to the Final) with another impressive display.Can we expect to see the trophy winging its way Lennonside any time soon?CHRISTY AT PORTNOOAnd now an honourable mention for Portnoo. Lifted directly from the mention the popular seaside resort got in the London ‘Times’ in last Thursday’s edition.All to do with Christy O’Connor and the time he played in a pro-am there back in the 1980’s.In the ‘Lives Remembered’ section on the obituary page – the newspaper had carried a nice tribute to the Irish golfer on the previous day – John Dawson had written in to recall a holiday he and his family had taken in Donegal when he had decided to venture along to watch the great man in action in the pro-am in Portnoo.“The course had no practice area so Christy and his caddie went down on the strand. The caddie tipped out a bag of about 50 balls and wandered 100 yards down the beach. Christy – wedge in hand, fag in mouth, and chatting non-stop to a friend – dispatched the balls off the hard-packed sand. Every one landed at the feet of his caddie, who just bent down and popped them back in the bag.“He had a beautiful languid swing, but what impressed me most was that Christy was determined to give of his best, even at a minor pro-am,” John acknowledged.Minor pro-am? In Portnoo? No such thing. Anyone out there with stories of O’Connor’s participation in that particular tournament, feel free to e-mail in your recollections.Meanwhile, good to see Rory McIlroy claiming an Irish Open title at long last.“I was trying to hold back the tears on the 18th,” he declared after claiming the trophy.The sight of Enda Kenny can indeed have that effect.PENALTY COUNTSLetterkenny U18 rugby teamAnd finally a quick reference to that Ulster Cup Final at Ravenhill from a couple of weeks back when the Letterkenny Under-18’s were mightily unlucky to lose to their Armagh counterparts.Just got confirmation this week of the penalty count in that game. Armagh: 27. Letterkenny: 2.Enough said. Or maybe not half enough.THE MAN WHO PUT THE BALL IN THE BACK OF THE HOLLAND NET, ITS WALSHY ON WEDNESDAY was last modified: May 25th, 2016 by Mark ForkerShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:mcateerSportsWALSHYlast_img read more

‘I’d always be interested in returning to Rangers’, talkSPORT told

first_img Adam struggled for game time last season The 32-year-old made just 11 league appearances last term, but he has a fresh chance to re-establish himself under Gary Rowett, Stoke’s new manager, when the Staffordshire club get their 2018/19 campaign under way with a visit to Leeds on Sunday.But, if he fails to break back into the Stoke team, could a return to Adam’s first club be on the cards?According to the player himself, it could be.“It’s a wonderful football club,” Adam said of Rangers, while co-hosting talkSPORT on Thursday morning.“I started there are learned my trade there, and I enjoyed Glasgow as a city. The Scotland international started his career at Ibrox 15 years ago 2 2 Charlie Adam has admitted he will always be interested in returning to Rangers, though he is currently focused on Stoke ahead of the start of the Championship season.Adam, the midfielder, is entering his seventh season with the Potters, and he’ll be playing second division football for the first time since 2010, when he helped Blackpool win promotion to the Premier League. “It [returning] is something that would always interest me to do, but at the moment I’m contracted to Stoke and I’m looking forward to the start of the season.”Adam started his career at Ibrox, spending five-and-a-half seasons in Glasgow before moving to Blackpool in February 2008. He made 88 appearances in total for Rangers, and he’s open to increasing that tally in the future.last_img read more

How Warriors coach Steve Kerr overcame fear of failure with an assist from Michael Jordan

first_imgSteve Kerr says he once feared failure, and you wonder how that could be.First off, he played at the University of Arizona when the Wildcats were building the foundation of a college basketball powerhouse. Secondly, he was a drop-dead 3-point shooter. He was so money that the home crowds had a special salute just for him.Kerr would nail a triple. The public address announcer would intone, “Three points for Steve Kerr.” And the fans would holler back in joyous unison, “STEVE!!! KERR!!!”I …last_img read more

Professional Hairdresser’s Lavender/Purple Sectioning Clips – But I do love these clips

first_imgAttractive potent clips that do just as they should.Only motive i didn’t give 5 stars was since the postage cost almost as a lot as the product.Beautiful clips do what there ment to do :).Here are the specifications for the Professional Hairdresser’s Lavender/Purple Sectioning Clips:Pack of 10Purple hairdressing section clipsMetal-backed with strong springToothed plastic upper for a good grip10 cm longGreat for the value and sections well. Fantastic for the price and sections nicely. My only trouble is that the grip just isn’t that strong so if you want to segment a large section or have thick hair then it may perhaps not keep adequately.Good clips maintain hair in position my girlfriend takes advantage of them. Fantastic clipskeep hair in placemy girlfriend employs them as hair clips all dayto continue to keep her hair in place, either taken up at the sides or all up in a ‘bun’.Reviews from purchasers :as I hate the kinks that hair bands/bobbles leaveVery good quality sectioning clipsGood for the price and sections wellgood clips keep hair in place my girlfriend uses them But I do love these clipsgreat for helping me try and attempt up-do’sAs i loathe the kinks that hair bands/bobbles depart. I’ve been using them for at the very least 2 months now, to clip my hair in a messy bun all over the dwelling, as i detest the kinks that hair bands/bobbles go away. Also found that when i’ve washed my hair and it is almost dry i twist my hair into a bun and clip into put. Go away my hair to dry and allow it out of the clip and creates actually good waves and curls in my layered hair.Extremely great good quality sectioning clips. I brought these from excellent appears to be like aka prepare dinner blades and they are very superior excellent and incredibly potent. They arent like the sectioning clips you locate sold in chemists on the substantial st so they are really worth spending somewhat more for.Do the work and you should not simply split.Fantastic for supporting me try out and try up-do’s. Arrived rapidly and they are a good size, good for aiding me attempt and try up-do’s.last_img read more

Tearing Down to Start Again

first_imgThe addition was then framed directly above the concrete slab. The insulation not only prevents heat loss to the ground, but also heat loss from the ground — which is 50-55 degrees year round — to the ambient air. That’s why traditional footings down 42 inches aren’t required. The author enlarged the footprint of the cottage with a frost-protected shallow foundation. The graveled area in the foreground will become a concrete terrace.The installation began with a 6-inch layer of crushed stone, followed by a 12-inch layer of expanded polystyrene (EPS) rigid foam insulation, with short EPS stem walls around the perimeter forming a shallow basin that is filled with concrete. The EPS isolates the concrete from the ground and the outside air, which prevents thermal bridging (heat loss through structural materials that don’t insulate well, like concrete). ARTICLES BY MICHAEL TROLLE Building My Own Passive HouseBuilding an Airtight EnvelopeThe Four Keys to a High-Performance Home Here’s a link to Part 3 of this blog series: Building an Airtight Envelope. I used three layers of insulation in the exterior walls. The first is installed between the 2×6 studs. These cavities are filled with cellulose, an insulation product made from recycled newsprint and cardboard (and a favorite of many green builders). The interior face of the studs is covered with a tough, non-stretch fabric, which was stapled to the studs so as to be drum tight. The cellulose was blown into the walls at high pressure, ensuring that the insulation stays in place permanently. The R-value of this installation is 20 and meets the code standard for an exterior wall all by itself.Outside, the plywood sheathing joints were sealed with 3M All Weather tape to make the walls airtight. (I’ve since switched to Tescon Vana tape.) Then 2 inches of polyisocyanurate (polyiso), a rigid foam board insulation product, was installed between 2x3s (plus strips of 1/2-inch plywood) that run horizontally and are fastened to the wall studs with Timber Lok screws (see photo above). Expanding the footprintI expanded the footprint of the house to the rear and side of the old foundation. I chose to go with a frost-protected shallow foundation. Unlike traditional foundations, this type does not require footings down 42 in. to frost depth. Michael Trolle is a co-founder of BPC Green Builders, in Wilton, Connecticut. This post, and the ones to follow, were originally published in slightly different versions at The HomeMonthly.com but also are available at the BPC Green Builders website. On October 7, 2015, BPC Green Builders was named Grand Award Winner in the Custom Home category in the Department of Energy’s Housing Innovation Awards. Extra insulation is worth the cost and effortWhy build a wall that is insulated to an R-value three times the building code minimum? Well, it cost my family about $200 worth of electricity to heat the 1,650-square foot house this winter, with the interior temperature at 70 degrees, day and night. A high level of comfort was assured because the interior surface temperature of the floors, walls, and roof was the same as the room air temperature, and air leakage was non-existent.It’s a night and day comparison to conventional code-based construction. Editor’s note: This is the second installment in a series of blogs by Michael Trolle about the construction of his Passivhaus home in Danbury, Connecticut. The first part was published as “Building My Own Passive House.” The final layer of insulation, 3 1/2 inches of polyiso, was installed continuously over the first (see Image #2 at the bottom of the page). The two layers of polyiso together virtually eliminate thermal bridging, or “heat bleed,” through the framing.Finally, 1×3 wood strips were screwed on with Timber Loks through the 3 1/2-inch layer of polyiso into the 2×3 studs. The 2x3s are necessary because the siding is heavy and can’t be installed over the full 5 1/2 inches of polyiso. The exterior siding was then nailed to the wood strips, with a 3/4-inch drainage plane between the polyiso and the siding to ensure drying and durability.The overall R-value of this assembly is roughly 55, much higher than the code minimum of R-18 for this type of wall. Three layers of insulation in exterior wallsThe walls were framed with 2×6 studs to create 5 1/2-inch cavities for insulation. The studs are spaced 24 inches apart, instead of the normal 16 inches. This wider spacing means there is less wood and more insulation in the wall assembly. (The roof is framed with engineered trusses, which are structural wood assemblies manufactured off-site. I’ll have more about that in the next part of this series.)A layer of polyiso insulation 2 inches thick is applied over the sheathing and between horizontal 2x3s. A second and thicker layer of polyiso will cap this one to cut thermal bridging through framing members. RELATED ARTICLES Pretty Good, Not So Big Maine HouseThe Potwine Passivhaus in AmherstKicking the Tires on a Passivhaus ProjectBuilding a Small House in the White Mountains Podcast: So You Want to Be a Passivhaus Consultant? Frost-Protected Shallow Foundations The project began with the demolition of the existing cottage. As a builder, I should be immune to feeling badly about taking down an old house, but I find it painful to see sound building materials smashed up and hauled away. However, the reality is that working with the existing framing would have cost more, and achieving airtightness would have been harder.One consolation is that 90% or more of the materials are recycled in some way. This is down-cycling, of course, as the materials in their current form have no market value.I kept only the concrete block foundation and the framed floor above it. In retrospect, I doubt that I should have kept either. The block foundation was never waterproofed and has no footing drain so it will always be somewhat damp. This led to a damp floor deck above during construction which required care to prevent mold.Also, the floor framing wasn’t completely square and was structurally insufficient without reinforcement. The bottom line is that it would have been easier, and perhaps even cheaper, just to have started from scratch.last_img read more