Reporters Without Borders (RSF) has reinforced calls for Guyanese legislators to amend the draft Cybercrime Bill, which it said could have a damaging effect on press freedom.In a letter dated June 7, 2018 to Prime Minister Moses Nagamootoo, the RSF outlined its concerns with the legislation.Only last month, Guyana joined the world to observe World Press Freedom Day under the theme: “Keeping Power in Check: Media, Justice and the Rule of Law”.However, the observance came at a time when many feel press freedom and freedom of expression in Guyana are being threatened by sections of the proposed Cybercrime legislation, such as penalising whistle-blowers,Attorney General Basil Williamsinstitutionalisation of criminal defamation, and sedition clauses.While the Guyanese Government has a legitimate interest in regulating the internet to ensure certain criminal activity—such as computer fraud, identity theft, and child pornography—do not take place, RSF is concerned with several provisions of this proposed legislation that could have a deterrent effect on journalists’ reporting.For example, Section 9 criminalises receiving data; one is not “authorised” to receive, regardless of whether that person knows the data was obtained by “unauthorised” means from the sender.This could pose a threat to press freedom if used to penalise journalists for publishing reports based on information from confidential sources. Equally alarming, Section 18 allows officials to prosecute online speech they believe to excite “disaffection” toward the Government, and without a clear definition of “disaffection,” the range of punishable speech is effectively unlimited.Even worse, it could create a significant liability risk for journalists publishing articles that may be deemed critical of the state, the media watchdog pointed out.“RSF has sent this letter to Prime Minister Nagamootoo because, as it exists, the proposed cybercrime legislation could have a serious chilling effect on press freedom in Guyana,” said Margaux Ewen, RSF’s North America Director.“Provisions like Section 18, the sedition clause, could pose significant risks for journalists publishing articles that may be deemed critical of the state or Government officials, especially given the clause’s vague and subjective language”, Ewen added.According to the organisation, these provisions are all the more dangerous because the Bill provides for wide-ranging jurisdiction, and gives the Police and judicial authorities broad authority to access the personal data of those under investigation.Section 37, for example, gives broad authority to a judge to “remove, or disable access to” user-generated content hosted or stored on their services; while Section 38 authorises the use of remote forensic tools to intercept private data.When reviewed alongside the potential harm provisions like Section 9 or 18 may have on journalistic activities, it is clear that the Cybercrime Bill must be amended to include exemptions that allow reporting to continue to flourish in Guyana.Guyana ranks 55th out of 180 countries in RSF’s 2018 World Press Freedom Index. The Guyana Press Association (GPA) had said that this improved ranking came amidst “significant hurdles” yet to be overcome. These include: the removal of existing criminal defamation laws in line with globally accepted standards; the deletion of offending sections in the Cybercrime Bill that could result in further entrenchment of criminal defamation; the amendment to the Broadcasting Act to remove direct intervention in the programming schedule of radio and television stations, except in cases of emergency; political interference in the state-owned and privately-owned media by Government and the Opposition.
BY EMMET RUSHE: Continuing on with last week’s theme of pregnancy and having a new baby, this week we will look at returning to exercise after giving birth.Many “new mammies” want to know when it is safe to begin training again. Every woman is different, but here are some guidelines.If you have been cleared for exercise by your G.P, or if you want further advice, please contact me through the link below.I have trained numerous women after childbirth, some of whom, my own wife included, have had a C-section. Firstly, if you have recently given birth, congratulations! As a new parent myself, I can happily say that being a parent is the most demanding, exhausting and yet wonderful job in the world.Nothing is more awe-inspiring than a new baby who is completely reliant on you.Before starting back into an exercise regime after giving birth, there are some considerations that you will have to look at.The type of birth you had will determine when you are able to safely return/begin an exercise program.If you have had an uncomplicated vaginal delivery, the general guideline is that it is safe to begin 6 weeks after delivery.If it is not your first child and you have been active throughout the pregnancy it is generally safe to return when you feel ready. If you had a C-section or a complicated birth you will have to be checked and cleared by a medical professional before you can begin an exercise program.Please ensure that if you are using a gym or trainer, that you inform them of your situation as there are certain exercises that will have to be avoided depending on the type of birth that you had.There are numerous benefits to exercising after pregnancy.Here are some benefits taken from the ‘Mayo Clinic’“Promote weight loss, particularly when combined with reduced calorie intakeImprove your cardiovascular fitnessRestore muscle strength and toneCondition your abdominal musclesBoost your energy levelsImprove your moodRelieve stressHelp prevent and promote recovery from postpartum depression”Better yet, including physical activity in your daily routine helps you set a positive example for your child now and in the years to come. When returning to exercise your routine.Walking with the buggy is a great way to start; getting out of the house, clearing your head and using the resistance that the buggy provides to work your legs, arms and core.Why not get a few friends or new mothers involved and create a social circle to support and encourage each other?After GP approval, also consider these specific exercises for the core. The Pelvic tiltThe Kegel exercise (pelvic floor)The contraction of the abdominal muscles is an effective way to begin strengthening your core after pregnancy.While some mothers might start moving around within just days of giving birth, don’t expect to resume your old level of exercise right away.In most cases, your joints and ligaments will be looser than usual following birth, which could lead to diminished co-ordination and potential falls.Consider these guidelines from the when undertaking an exercise routine;“Take time to warm up and cool down.Begin slowly and increase your pace gradually.Drink plenty of fluids.Wear a supportive bra.Avoid excessive fatigue.Stop exercising if you feel pain.”Being the parent to a new baby is pretty exhausting.Lack of sleep, hormonal changes, tiredness and bad eating patterns can make the thought of exercise seem like a distant memory.Try and have some support in place that you can tap into whenever you want to engage in physical activity.Seek the support of your partner, family and friendsSome days, you might simply feel too tired for a full workout.That doesn’t mean that you should put physical activity on the back burner, however.Instead, do what you can.Try to schedule time for physical activity.Exercise with a friend to stay motivated.Include your baby, either in a buggy while you walk or lying next to you on the floor while you do abdominal exercises.Remember, exercise after pregnancy might not be easy — but it can do wonders for your well-being, as well as give you the energy you need to care for yourself and your baby.#TrainSmartFor more information, contact me through the link below.https://www.facebook.com/pages/Rushe-Fitness/120518884715118?ref=hl * Emmet is the owner and operator of Rushe FitnessEMMET RUSHE: RETURNING TO EXERCISE AFTER GIVING BIRTH was last modified: December 6th, 2015 by John2Share this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:emmet rusheexercise after birthfitnesscolumnpost natal exercise