Judge Reverses Guilty Decision

first_imgFive days after government lawyers challenged and threatened to complain to the Supreme Court about Judge Peter Gbeneweleh of Criminal Court ‘C’ over his guilty verdict against some dismissed managers of the Forestry Development Authority (FDA), including its Managing Director, Moses Wogbeh, the judge yesterday reversed his decision.Judge Gbeneweleh on August 25 found guilty Moses Wogbeh and four others, including a Surveyor of the Ministry of Lands, Mines and Energy of economic sabotage and ordered them to restitute the amount of US$6m, which they accumulated from illegal issuance of 61 Private Use Permits (PUPs) that authorized logging companies to operate on 1.2million hectares of farmland, and subsequently sentenced them to five years imprisonment, refusing to follow the ten years as provided under the law.Judge Gbeneweleh who served as judge and jury during the trial declared that “consistent with the relevant provision of the law, this court hereby corrects the portion relating to the restitution, fine and the imprisonment.”He further ordered defendants Moses Wogbeh, John Kantor, Jangar Kamara, David Blayee and Maxwell Gwee to restitute the amount of US$6m to the government as of August 25, 2015.He also fined the defendants US$10,000 each to be paid into government revenue within 72 hours as of the date of the final judgment on August 25, and sentenced them to a period of ten years as of the date of the final judgment.Judge Gbeneweleh instructed his Sheriff to prepare a commitment and place same in the hands of the Sheriff to have them detained for the period of ten years at the Monrovia Central Prison in Montserrado County or any suitable prison facility in the country.However, the convicts themselves were not present in court yesterday when Judge Gbeneweleh changed his decision in the ruling.Judge Gbeneweleh cited Section 23.5 page 385 of the Criminal Procedure Laws, which provides “for correction or modification of sentence,” and Section 15.87 of the Penal Code, which he said, related to fines and restitution.Wogbeh together with his principal deputies John Kantor, Maxwell Gwee, Jangar Kamara and David Blayee (a surveyor at the Ministry of Lands, Mines and Energy) were accused of multiple crimes, including obtaining and issuing deceptive writings, obstruction of government functions by public servants and economic sabotage.Their action caused government to lose an amount of US$6 million in revenue intake. Instead the defendants claimed that it was their board chair, the former Agriculture Minister Florence Chenoweth, who authorized and approved the issuance of the 61 permits to logging companies.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)last_img read more

A new way to recycle polycarbonates that prevents BPA leaching

first_img Explore further Most people would not think of IBM as a place for chemists working with plastics, but the Almaden facility was designed to conduct research into a wide variety of applications, ranging from food safety, to medical imaging, nanomedicine, services science and atomic scale storage. Solving the problem of an ever building supply of polycarbonate waste actually fits well with IBM’s research efforts because so many of the company’s products use it as a base component.Polycarbonates are a hard type of plastic, they are used to make CDs, DVDs, phone screens and a host of other hard plastic products, and as the researchers note, the material is extremely popular—approximately 2.7 million tons of it is produced annually around the world. But unlike soda bottles, polycarbonates are not easily recycled for reuse which means they generally wind up in landfills and dumps. Also they are a type of plastic that release small amounts of BPA when used and large amounts as they break down, allowing the chemical to leach into landfills, very likely leading to massive problems in the future. In this new effort, the team at IBM has found a way to convert polycarbonate material into another type of plastic called polyaryl ether sulfone (PSU) that can be used in applications such as medical equipment, fiber optics and purifying water.The process involves heating the plastic along with carbonate salts (akin to baking powder) and a fluoride reactant, which causes a cascading reaction to occur—first decomposing the material into a monomer and then condensing the result to a PSU. The resulting plastic is harder than typical polycarbonates, which makes it ideal for other applications and easier on the environment because it will not leach BPA into the ground once it makes its way to a landfill. 3D chemical structure of bisphenol A. Credit: Edgar181 via Wikimedia Commons This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. © 2016 Phys.org (Phys.org)—A team of researchers at IBM’s Research facility in Almaden, San Jose (the same site where Watson was developed) has developed a one-step process for recycling polycarbonates into another type of plastic—one that does not release bisphenol A (BPA) into the environment when it is used or dumped into a landfill. They have published a paper describing their new technique in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.center_img A new way to degrade plastics that turns them into fuel Citation: A new way to recycle polycarbonates that prevents BPA leaching (2016, June 28) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2016-06-recycle-polycarbonates-bpa-leaching.html More information: Computational and experimental investigations of one-step conversion of poly(carbonate)s into value-added poly(aryl ether sulfone)s, PNAS, www.pnas.org/cgi/doi/10.1073/pnas.1600924113AbstractIt is estimated that ∼2.7 million tons poly(carbonate)s (PCs) are produced annually worldwide. In 2008, retailers pulled products from store shelves after reports of bisphenol A (BPA) leaching from baby bottles, reusable drink bottles, and other retail products. Since PCs are not typically recycled, a need for the repurposing of the PC waste has arisen. We report the one-step synthesis of poly(aryl ether sulfone)s (PSUs) from the depolymerization of PCs and in situ polycondensation with bis(aryl fluorides) in the presence of carbonate salts. PSUs are high-performance engineering thermoplastics that are commonly used for reverse osmosis and water purification membranes, medical equipment, as well as high temperature applications. PSUs generated through this cascade approach were isolated in high purity and yield with the expected thermal properties and represent a procedure for direct conversion of one class of polymer to another in a single step. Computational investigations performed with density functional theory predict that the carbonate salt plays two important catalytic roles in this reaction: it decomposes the PCs by nucleophilic attack, and in the subsequent polyether formation process, it promotes the reaction of phenolate dimers formed in situ with the aryl fluorides present. We envision repurposing poly(BPA carbonate) for the production of value-added polymers. Journal information: Proceedings of the National Academy of Scienceslast_img read more