Confident Lennon face Excelsior

first_imgDefending champions Lennon High will hunt their seventh title when they face Excelsior High in the Inter-secondary Schools Sports Association schoolgirls football final at the Spanish Town Prison today, starting at 3 p.m.Denham Town High will play St Jago High in the third-place play-off at 1 p.m.Lennon’s coach, Sherlon Lennon, is oozing confidence ahead of the final.”It’s a very good feeling to reach the final. We played Excelsior last year in the final and beat them. We are looking forward to playing some good football and retaining the title,” Lennon said.Lennon will rely on Peta-Kay Green and Renae Gordon to achieve victory.Excelsior will look to avenge their last year’s 3-0 defeat.”The Excelsior team has exceeded my expectations, so I am happy to be in the final,” coach of Excelsior Xavier Gilbert said.Excelsior will rely heavily on their national Under-17 trio of captain Tarania Clarke, Tateyana Pitter, and Chevelle Henry.last_img read more

First Nation infants subject to human experimental work for TB vaccine in

first_imgBy Jorge Barrera APTN National NewsThe nutritional experiments conducted in First Nation communities and in Indian residential schools were not the only example where Canada’s Indigenous population faced treatment as “guinea pigs,” academic research shows.First Nation infants were used for Saskatchewan trials of a tuberculosis vaccine that was mired in controversy at the time of the experiment in the 1930s and 1940s.The subject of nutritional experiments exploded last week after reports surfaced on a study by University of Guelph food historian Ian Mosby. The study found that experiments were conducted in six residential schools and communities in northern Ontario, northern Manitoba, British Columbia, Alberta and Nova Scotia between 1942 and 1952.Previous and ongoing academic research shows, however, that the nutritional experiments were part of a wider pattern in the medical and scientific community’s approach to Indigenous people at the time which included experimentation and the persistence of certain types of surgeries that were no longer conducted on non-Indigenous people.Academic research also shows that many Indigenous people who died undergoing medical care for diseases like tuberculosis (TB) were buried in unmarked graves because Indian Affairs would not pay to take their bodies back to their home communities.“Historians have been reluctant to question medical care because we are enthralled with the power of medicine,” said Brock University professor Maureen Lux, who published a paper on the vaccine trials in 1998 and is currently working on a book that delves into the still thinly-explored realm of the treatment of Indigenous people in sanatoriums. “Once I started looking at what was going and how they were operated and in whose interest, it becomes a fairly dark story.”The vaccine trial on First Nation children from the Qu’Appelle reserves in southern Saskatchewan is one of those threads in that story.The bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG) vaccine trials were backed by the National Research Council and Indian Affairs. While the trials were eventually successful and the vaccine is still around today, one of the doctors involved with the experiment at the time worried about the dangers and believed Ottawa could find itself on the hook if something went wrong.It was already apparent to medical officials before the trials that TB rates were dramatically lowered by improving the living conditions of First Nation people living on reserve, according the study written by Lux titled, Perfect Subjects: Race Tuberculosis and the Qu’Appelle BCG Vaccine Trial.Between 1930 and 1932, the tuberculosis rate had been cut in half after a federally-backed Qu’Appelle Demonstration Health Unit began focusing on changing the situation on the ground. It replaced one-room log huts with frame houses, drilled wells to improve water supply, provided families with hens and seed and improved the food given to school children and pregnant women, according to Lux’s study. A nurse was also hired to give care to children suffering from infections disease in their own home.“The general death rate and the infant mortality rate both also fell. Thus, before the BCG vaccine trials were begun, the tuberculosis death rate had been reduced by half by marginal improvements in living conditions, and especially by segregating those with active tuberculosis,” wrote Lux.But vaccines were cheaper than paying to improve the conditions of Indian residential schools and reserves or treating people in sanatoriums which could turn into lengthy stays.Lux said the urgency to conduct the vaccine trials on First Nation infants in southern Saskatchewan was also driven by a fear that Indigenous people would infect the non-Indigenous population with TB.“They were seen as vectors of disease because TB rates in the non-Aboriginal community were falling quickly. They were better fed and housed, but not so on-reserve,” said Lux, in an interview. “My point in the article was that TB wasn’t the big threat…the big threat was poverty because more kids died of poverty related diseases than from TB.”The BCG vaccine at the time was controversial. A German experiment in 1930 led to the deaths 71 children after they were given a contaminated strain. At the time of the Qu’Appelle trial, close to 400,000 children had been vaccinated and trials had been conducted in Montreal, but it was still unclear at the time whether the vaccine would regain its virulence. The United States and Britain did not use the BCG vaccine at the time “because of fears that the vaccine was not stable,” wrote Lux.Worries over the vaccine were expressed in a confidential memo to federal authorities.“I feel as though it would be unwise to initiate human experimental work among Indian children who are the direct wards of the government, and for which reasons they are not in a position to exercise voluntary cooperation,” wrote Dr. R. George Ferguson, the medical superintendant of the Fort Qu’Appelle Sanatorium, to the president of the National Research Council. “Furthermore in case of difficulties arising, the government itself could not be without responsibility.”The trial went ahead in 1933 and it proved successful. According to Lux, between 1933 and 1945, 306 infants were vaccinated and 303 were used as a control group. Only six vaccinated infants contracted TB and two died. In the unvaccinated group, 29 caught TB and nine died.But the vaccine could not protect children from death. Poverty proved to be a far deadlier killer than TB. According to Lux’s paper, 105 children died from causes other than TB within the first seven years of the study. They died from pneumonia and gastroenteritis.“The BCG trial was a success, but unfortunately the patients died,” wrote Lux.Lux said in an interview that First Nation patients also underwent trials for streptomycin, an antibiotic that was used to cure TB, at the now defunct Charles Camsell hospital in Edmonton.Lux said doctors also continued to surgically remove TB from Indigenous patients into the 1950s and 60s, after the procedure was no longer done on the non-Indigenous population.“Do we interpret that surgeons and medical directors thought they were doing right and never questioning the assumption that these people were going to actually spread TB when they actually weren’t?” said Lux. “They could do it and they did it and that is as shocking as any kind of experiment.”During her research on the book about sanatoriums and Indian hospitals, Lux said she interviewed many elders who believed they underwent medical experiments.“Every one of them said, ‘yeah, they were using us as guinea pigs.’ Whether they were, or people didn’t understand what treatments they were getting, or physicians weren’t telling people, it is really hard to pin down…as a historian to say yes…But the people who spent time in the hospitals felt they were guinea pigs.”Whether there were other types of experimentation beyond what has already surfaced, Lux said she can’t give a definite answer.However, the existing record of the medical system’s treatment of Indigenous patients is already a dark one, she said.“It is pretty depressing. It is just document after document. They treated these people like they were not even human,” she said. “It is definitely the hardest thing I have ever done.”Lux’s book goes for peer review this fall and should be published in about a read more

Barnes Noble To Hold InStore Online Book Fair For Wilmingtons iPods For

first_imgWILMINGTON, MA — Barnes & Noble is once again holding a book fair to benefit Wilmington-based iPods for Wounded Veterans.The book fair takes place at the Burlington Barnes & Noble (98 Middlesex Turnpike) on  Saturday, May 26 (9am-11pm); Sunday, May 27 (10am-9pm); and Monday, May 28 (9am-9pm).People can also participate online by visiting during the fundraiser. Simply use Bookfair ID 12320263 at the in-store checkout or before checking out online.A percentage of in-store and online purchases will benefit iPods for Wounded Veterans.For more information about the organization, visit Wilmington Apple on Facebook. Follow Wilmington Apple on Twitter. Follow Wilmington Apple on Instagram. Subscribe to Wilmington Apple’s daily email newsletter HERE. Got a comment, question, photo, press release, or news tip? Email this:TwitterFacebookLike this:Like Loading… RelatedBarnes & Noble To Hold In-Store & Online Book Fair For Wilmington’s iPods For Wounded VeteransIn “Community”Barnes & Noble To Hold In-Store & Online Book Fair For Wilmington’s iPods For Wounded VeteransIn “Community”Barnes & Noble To Hold In-Store & Online Book Fair For Wilmington’s iPods For Wounded VeteransIn “Business”last_img read more

Win a free cruise with TravelBrands NCL

first_imgWin a free cruise with TravelBrands, NCL << Previous PostNext Post >> Share Tuesday, May 15, 2018 Travelweek Group center_img MISSISSAUGA — A new contest from TravelBrands Cruises by Encore Cruises and NCL gives agents the chance to win prizes based on bookings made May 14 – 25.Prizing includes a free seven-night cruise for two aboard Norwegian Bliss and multiple sets of $50 in Loyalty Rewards points. To participate in the contest, agents will receive one ballot for every NCL booking made by phone and two ballots for every booking made online during the contest period.Members of the ‘Your TravelBrands BDM’ Facebook group will earn double ballots. Agents who answer Norwegian trivia questions on the ‘Your TravelBrands BDM’ Facebook group throughout the contest will receive one extra ballot for participating.Trivia questions will be asked by TravelBrands and Norwegian employees, including Frank DeMarinis, President & CEO of TravelBrands. A few lucky agents will receive $50 worth of TravelBrands Loyalty Rewards Points. The TravelBrands Loyalty Rewards program allows agents to collect points and redeem them for a multitude of rewards.More news:  Visit Orlando unveils new travel trade tools & agent perksTravelBrands is also offering a consumer incentive when booking an NCL cruise. Clients booking any 2018 seven-night+ sailing in a balcony stateroom or above will receive free chocolate dipped strawberries which will be delivered to their stateroom during the sailing.Travel agent partners can join the TravelBrands Facebook group to take part in this interactive contest (search ‘Your TravelBrands BDM’ on Facebook). Travel agents can also visit to learn more about the giveaway and to make their bookings. Tags: Contest, Encore Cruises, Facebook, NCL, TravelBrands Posted bylast_img read more

Trustee emeritus Elkins remembered

first_imgShareTrustee emeritus Elkins rememberedFROM RICE NEWS STAFF REPORTSJames Elkins III, who served as a Rice University board member for 18 years, died of an apparent heart attack June 10 while vacationing with his family in France. He was 58. In a joint statement, Rice Board Chairman Jim Crownover ’65 and President David Leebron reflected on the loss of the longtime Rice and Houston leader: “The Elkins family is truly one of the first families of Houston, personally shaping the advancement of our city to the unique stature and reputation it enjoys today, including its medical center, academic institutions, arts organizations and charitable groups. “The Elkins have been a cohesive force in so many of Houston’s achievements, bringing broad and visionary commitment to the future of our community. For so many years, Jim was the leader of the Elkins’ contributions in these areas. He exerted influence and care through his governing role in organizations too numerous to list. He was a key adviser to so many people and causes, including the two of us, and his calm, interested and compassionate manner made him truly unforgettable to work with.”A native Houstonian, Elkins received a bachelor’s degree in economics from Princeton University and an MBA from the University of Texas School of Business. After working for Morgan Guaranty Trust in New York, he returned to Houston in the late 1970s to pursue a career with the now-defunct First City National Bank. His most recent business venture was Houston Trust Co., an asset management firm that he co-founded.Elkins served on Rice’s board as a term governor during 1980-1984, 1986-1990 and 1996-1998 and as a trustee from 1998 to 2006, when he became a trustee emeritus. Since retiring from the board, he continued to serve on the Academic Affairs Committee and as an informal adviser to many at Rice.“There was hardly a month in the past 30 years that Jim did not think of Rice and make an effort on behalf of Rice,” Crownover said.In addition to serving on Rice’s board, Elkins was a trustee of Baylor College of Medicine, the Methodist Hospital, Texas Children’s Hospital and St. John’s School, which he attended from kindergarten through ninth grade. Other beneficiaries of his community involvement were the Children’s Museum of Houston, the Houston Museum of Natural Science, the Houston Parks Board, the Houston Zoo, the Salvation Army, the Retina Research Foundation, the Wortham Foundation, St. Luke’s United Methodist Church, the Vivian L. Smith Foundation and the University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston.Elkins is survived by his wife, Jenny, their seven children and his two sisters.A memorial service was held June 15 at St. Luke’s United Methodist Church. JAMES ELKINS III Long Description AddThislast_img read more