After inbound produces the lead, then what? Let’s assume inbound drives enough leads to you that you should be able to generate the revenue, then what?Do you know how to qualify those leads, ensuring that you are spending your time with the prospects for whom you can create massive value and who are willing to pay for that value?Do you have a process that allows you to understand where the buyer is in their buying journey and how to create value where they are now?Can you differentiate you and your offering from all of the people who sell what you sell?Do you know how to gain the commitments you need to move your prospective client forward and create an opportunity?Do you have a sales process that helps you move your client from target to close?Do you know how to close? Are you supremely comfortable and confident asking for your client’s business?How well do you do defending your price and the value you create?Inbound marketing is an important part of a client acquisition strategy. It is an above the funnel activity that can supplement–not replace–your prospecting efforts. But it doesn’t replace the ability to sell well.If you are effective at inbound without having the sales chops, processes, and methodologies to create opportunities and win new clients, then being effective at inbound produces the same result as not being effective at inbound.If you are only okay at inbound but have extraordinary sales chops, you will produce better sales results than you would by just being good at inbound.If you are a pure salesperson, you may not need inbound at all. If you can pick up the phone, gain commitments, and know how to sell, you are always going to do well. But if you are the entrepreneurial type with the ability to create content, adding inbound to your mix is going to blow up your results.No matter how good you are at inbound, you better have something after inbound.
Essential Reading! Get my first book: The Only Sale Guide You’ll Ever Need “The USA Today bestseller by the star sales speaker and author of The Sales Blog that reveals how all salespeople can attain huge sales success through strategies backed by extensive research and experience.” Buy Now Some of the biggest clients in your territory, the ones who spend the most money and who could make your whole number, are nightmare clients. This is why:Commands lowest price: Nightmare clients demand that you give them the lowest price. Not the lowest price you are able to give them, even though they demand that, too, but the lowest price they receive from everyone in your industry. They are not willing to allow you to capture any of the value you create.Will change to save a few pennies: The nightmare client has all the loyalty of Judas. When a competitor offers them a few pennies less, they require that you meet that lower price or they move the business. When you live by this sword, you also die by that same sword.Full of difficult personalities: There are companies and people who will challenge you to bring your best. And then there are people who are just difficult personalities. This variety of client is the later, offering no constructive criticism, just plenty of criticism, and almost always personal.Believes all the people who sell to them are vendors: For this group of prospective clients, you are not a trusted advisor, even if you have the advice, and even if you aspire to be that for them. You are also not consultative. You are a vendor. You are a supplier. You will never be anything more.Is not really interested in changing: You know how sometimes your client realizes that they must make changes on their side to produce the result they need? This type of prospective client isn’t that kind of client. They want the result without having to change.Will blame you for their lack of investment in results: The nightmare client will tell you that you must deliver better, faster, and cheaper. They do not intend to invest more to produce results; they intend for you to invest more, all the while withholding the investment from you in the way of a price that allows for investmentPays bills late: Not late every once in a while. Not late because your invoices are incorrect. They pay late because they intend to pay late, regardless of the terms of your agreement. Your money is their money, and they are not willing to give it to you, even when you have earned it.Adversarial instead of collaborative: You are the enemy. Everything is your fault. Any gain you make must have come at their cost, and they cannot allow it. There is no collaboration around problems and challenges, conflict being their preferred method, and making the problem yours alone is their modus operandi.High body count: Count the number of vendors or suppliers they’ve gone through since you’ve known of them. There are either many, or there is one with no sense of pride big enough to fire their dragon.Dream clients are also very large and care deeply about the results you produce.Will invest in better results: No one wants to pay more than they must. But dream clients are willing to make a greater investment to produce a greater result. If you can justify the delta, they’ll help you with the investment you need to produce those results.Loyal to their partners: Your dream client isn’t going to change for a few pennies. Or dollars. They are loyal to their partners because the value of the relationship and the knowledge and intimacy allow for better results than another company could easily match.Collaborative contacts: When you have a challenge or problem, your dream client will work through it with you, finding ways to make an improvement together. They’re collaborative, and they focus on the issue, not you as their vendor.Believe their best suppliers are partners: For these clients, you are not a vendor, supplier, or even preferred supplier. You are a strategic partner. They want you to be consultative, and they expect you to be their trusted advisor.Is willing to make changes: Where a nightmare is unwilling to change, a dream is willing to do things different to produce better results. Even if they don’t always do so as fast as you would like them to.Takes responsibility for the challenges they create: Your dream client owns their side of the relationship. When they cause problems in producing results, they own those problems. They pick up their side of the stick.Pays timely: Professional firms pay their bills. On time. Every time. They aren’t interested in holding your money. They’re interested in being a good partner.Excellent communication: Dream clients communicate. You never have to worry where things are because they will always communicate with you what’s going on in their world, what needs to change on your side, or what’s going to need to change in the future.Your time is limited. You are better off pursuing your dream clients, even if they take more time to win.
ConclusionThe time you spend at work is no indication of productivity. Neither is the number of dials you make per hour or day. The number of face-to-face sales calls or ear-to-ear sales calls or video face to video face sales calls are also no measurement of productivity. They are activity, and not all activity produces the right outcomes. You can have meetings in which nothing is accomplished. They may even be necessary, but that does not mean that any initiative was advanced.Productivity is the measurement of the outcomes you create divided by the time and energy you invest in those outcomes. Time and energy invested in activities that do not produce an outcome do not mean that you were productive. This is true even when the non-productive activities are necessary. If you are vigilant and honest with yourself about the way you spend your time and can cut out or minimize the unnecessary tasks, you will become much better at focusing your time and energy on producing awesome outcomes. A lot of people mistake being busy for being productive. You might get to cross 15 things off your To-Do List, but unless these items are directly related to sales, chances are you are being incredibly unproductive. Productivity is a measurement of the progress you are making on important outcomes. You can say “yes” to all kinds of work and projects that consume your time and energy and while interesting, they do nothing to move you ahead toward your major initiatives or goals.Being more productive requires a broader shift in thinking. It can be tough to improve your productivity overnight but there are some simple steps you can take to meaningfully boost productivity over time. Some of these strategies require lifestyle changes, while others require getting more organized and comparing your progress against peers. Read up on these tips to help you build a foundation for killer productivity.Set Yourself Up For SuccessYou can’t have a great day without a little preparation the night before. Every night I set the coffee pot to go off 10 minutes before I wake up. I also get water bottles ready if I am running in the morning. I start the day in the office with mindfulness meditation, a journal entry and writing. Then I set to work with a cup of coffee and a blank page on my computer.Everyone has different daily routines. But the more you can do to get your day in order before you are up and running, the faster you will get to work and the more you will accomplish. You set the tone for your whole day during the very first few hours. Review your calendar for the next day the night before so you know what to expect. It only takes a few minutes but it’s important to know what you’re doing and where you have space to fit in last-minute tasks that pop up. Make sure you are prepared for meetings and commitments you have planned.It’s also important to write down your priorities or To-Do list – this can help you achieve three or four major outcomes each day. You can try to do this on a weekly basis, but if you’re really staying busy, chances are you will want to revisit your schedule and renegotiate commitments on a daily basis. Review the list and schedule time to do the real work – the proactive, intentional stuff, not the reactive stuff like responding to emails, answering calls, etc. Doing this work the night before lets you do purposeful work starting right at the beginning of your day.Don’t Skimp on SleepGetting a full night of sleep is critical to boosting productivity. The average person needs at least 7 hours of sleep each night and some need even more than that. Figure out how many hours of sleep you need to function most effectively and set a “cut off” time for when you need to go to bed every night. You can even set that cutoff time on your smartphone so you get an alert when it’s time to get some sleep. It’s also important to detach from electronics an hour or two before bed. Studies show that the light emitted from electronics can disrupt your natural sleep rhythms. Instead of checking email or watching TV, try a book or other activities. Maybe get some exercise or use that time to pursue your hobbies. Getting enough sleep may require a significant change in your daily habits. When you set a time to get out of bed, stick to it. People that keep hitting the snooze alarm just come to work feeling groggy and lethargic. You want to pick a wake up time when you can jump out of bed and start your day.Narrow Your FocusBeing productive is about prioritizing your top goals and narrowing your focus. You have to carefully select what is important in your day and eliminate the things that aren’t adding up to anything so you know you are spending your time wisely. A successful day is not just one where you are so busy you don’t have time to sit down – it’s a day where you make progress on the things that are the most important.Keeping a time journal is a great way to take measurements and make adjustments. Write down everything you do from the time you wake up until you go to sleep. If you do this for a few days in a row, you will see exactly how much time you are wasting in between tasks or on tasks that just aren’t helping you stay productive. This is anything from lying in bed scrolling through social media to spending an hour on the phone talking through someone else’s issues.Raise your standards by looking at what you really do and how little of it is related to the outcomes you want to produce. This will create the awareness you need to lead to positive change. Decide and act on the idea that you are going to prioritize what is most important and is moving you closer to your goals.Set Long-Term GoalsYou can’t be productive unless you have broader overarching targets to guide your efforts. Long-term goals help you frame your thoughts and give you a roadmap for success. The ideal timeframe for these goals is 1-3 years, but figure out what works best for you. This process might involve really taking the time to consider what kind of personal growth is important to you. Where do you want to be at the end of those three years? Think about what promotion you’re gunning for or what milestones you want to hit, then think tactically. The next step is figuring out the short-term goals that will get you there.Set Short-Term GoalsShort-term goals are goals over the next few days or months that can help you reach your long-term goals. These goals might include developing a certain skill, learning more about the broader company, or attending conferences to network with peers. It’s not enough to just write down a few short-term goals. Make sure to evaluate your progress at the end of the week to make sure you’re on the right track. Think about what you did well and what you could have done better; there might be some lessons learned that you haven’t considered. Short-term goals are the tactical steps you need to take to reach your long-term goals and require a lot more detail. Depending on your progress towards your short-term goals, you might find it necessary to adapt your long-term goals. Setting goals, striving for them, and reaching them is an iterative process that requires periodic reflection.Set Three 90-Minute BlocksIt’s not enough to just have goals for each day. You need to think about the little steps you’re going to take to get there. Break the day into 90 minute blocks of time (or another interval) and decide what work you want to accomplish in each particular block. This ensures you don’t have long stretches of time without a specific focus. Blocking time doesn’t mean you have to schedule your entire day with no room for last-minute meetings or other work that arises. It just means you need to have a plan and that you work that plan as best you can.If you schedule three 90-minute blocks of time each day for your most important work, you’ll find you get more important work done, the work is higher quality and you finish your tasks faster than you would have if you stretched them out throughout the day.Also, these three blocks account for just 4.5 of the 24 hours in your day. That leaves you plenty of time to be reactive or responsive to other things that come up. You are simply using about half of your work day to protect yourself from distractions and small work that doesn’t move you closer to your goals.Use the first 90-minute block (say between 8am and 9:30am) to finish the most important task you need to complete. This is often the LAST thing you will want to do first thing in the morning but that’s even more reason why you should. Then no matter what else happens in the day you will have been productive and completed an important task. See how it works?Using the second block in the late morning to work on your second most important task boosts the odds of you being doubly productive. Then you can take a break around noon to reenergize and refuel. Even if your day ended at this point you still will have accomplished more than most of your peers!Having a third 90-minute block in the afternoon is a good chance to bang away at one of the important projects you haven’t yet finished or start a new task. If you’re interrupted by something urgent, and we all will be on some days, don’t worry about it. Just get back to it as soon as possible and try to devote the full 90 minutes to it even if it is broken up.Be Aware of Demands on Your TimeWhen you create your workday budget, one of the most important things to do is to set periods of time when you won’t check your phone or email. An email is a significant demand on your time and so is a phone call or text. It might not sound like a heavy burden in terms of taxing your brain or energy, but it does require you to step outside of your current task and consider what to do, how to respond, etc. These interruptions are demands on your time without your consent.Setting limited windows to check messages can stop you from constantly switching your attention from projects to responding to routine emails. Setting aside these blocks of time give you a chance to focus on one specific task and get it done faster.It’s often impossible to ignore demands on your time, but you can bundle them together so you can control your focus and attention. If you landed your dream client, you want to be available to them when they call, text or email you because they are in need of your help. You want to honor your commitment to them but also make sure that every little distraction doesn’t end up keeping you from accomplishing anything with your day.Double Activity or Increase EffectivenessWhat if your sales results are off by 50%? You’re only producing half of your number. In order to close that gap, you can do one of two things: Double your activity or Increase Your Effectiveness.Doubling your activity begins with the assumption that sales is just a numbers game. There is nothing but activity and more activity leads to more opportunities which leads to more wins and so on. Doubling your prospecting efforts might not be a bad plan for those who aren’t doing enough to create the results they need. However, only increasing your activity level doesn’t account for all the other things that one could be doing to improve their sales results.Increasing your effectiveness assumes that better results will happen when the sales force is more effective and sales teams aren’t struggling as much. This involves training, development and coaching that help your ability to target dream clients and go after bigger opportunities. It requires more of a time investment but also improves win rates and creates a higher percentage of wins than just increasing activity alone.Some people need more activity for better results and others need to get more effective at what they are doing. Implementing both strategies at once means more activity as well as new mindsets and skills – usually a winning combination.BenchmarkOnce you’ve got that personal feedback, it’s time to benchmark with counterparts inside and outside your company. It’s time to see how you stack up against the competition. Compare your productivity to peers you admire. Those comparisons are another objective way to evaluate your performance. Figure out exactly what metrics are going to be important when benchmarking. Is it sales growth? Number of new accounts opened? Invitations to speaking engagements? Any metrics can be valuable if they are relevant and easily measurable. Also look at what those people are doing to boost their productivity. Maybe they spend more time networking and getting to know people across the company. They might be more aggressive about finding ways to work smarter instead of harder. Observe your peers and if possible, have a chat; you might learn some new strategies to boost your productivity. Essential Reading! Get my first book: The Only Sale Guide You’ll Ever Need “The USA Today bestseller by the star sales speaker and author of The Sales Blog that reveals how all salespeople can attain huge sales success through strategies backed by extensive research and experience.” Buy Now
Essential Reading! Get my 2nd book: The Lost Art of Closing “In The Lost Art of Closing, Anthony proves that the final commitment can actually be one of the easiest parts of the sales process—if you’ve set it up properly with other commitments that have to happen long before the close. The key is to lead customers through a series of necessary steps designed to prevent a purchase stall.” Buy Now When you miss your sales forecast or goal, there is almost always a deal or two (or three) that pushed, prospects that didn’t sign the contract by the end of the quarter. Leaving aside the fact that planning to close a deal at the end of the quarter is a bad idea and providing you no margin should you or your client experiences a surprise, a client pushing a deal once means one thing and pushing it three times is something different.In one scenario, something unexpected happens, and your dream client doesn’t keep the commitment they made before the quarter ended. In other cases, the client demonstrates a pattern of not keeping promises and pushing things forward. These two varieties mean something different when it comes to forecasting.One PushIt can be disappointing to have a deal you were counting on push into the next quarter. It can be much more discouraging when you have done everything right, controlling the process, gaining agreements for next steps, and keeping the whole process on track for you and your dream client. Despite your best efforts, some deals are going to push.Your dream client’s lawyers ended up dealing with a large, unexpected acquisition that required their time, and they didn’t even look at your contract. Maybe you could have controlled getting your paper to them earlier, but you had no way of knowing they would have been unavailable.Maybe your primary contact needed two people from executive leadership to approve your proposal, one of whom decided to elope and left the country for two weeks, leaving you without a signed contract.Your client is struggling with a client of their own, and they couldn’t devote the time or resources to you or your proposal and contract. The deal may be important to both you and your dream client, but the timing is more important to you—especially when you are trying to make your number at the end of a quarter.Fair enough. The deal pushed. Many have pushed before. Many will push in the future, despite my best effort at providing a framework for controlling the process and gaining all the commitments in a way that improves your effectiveness in this area.No more pushy sales tactics. The Lost Art of Closing shows you how to proactively lead your customer and close your sales. Every Commitment PushedSome clients push deals forward more than once. They provide clues that should cause concern on the part of the salesperson and the sales manager forecasting the deal. This second variety of deal-pushers is more prevalent and more concerning than those that push a single time because the patterns emerge early.Meetings get pushed. And then they get pushed again. Stakeholders who are supposed to be engaged are moved to other projects. Other stakeholders are unable to make meetings. The executive sponsor who should care the most about the opportunity is never available to meet with you or your team. Every stakeholder you have met seems to behave as if everything is a fire drill.It’s not uncommon for a meeting to be moved. It is unusual for the same meeting to move two or three times—if the meeting is important to the people who are attending. Nor is it uncommon for stakeholders to move into new roles or new projects, but when the replacement for that role isn’t available for weeks or months, you have a hint as to what real timelines might be. In larger deals, the absence of an executive sponsor by itself may be enough to suggest that your deal may not be as a high a priority for your client as it is for you.When the pattern you perceive is that your client misses many deadlines, cancels a lot of meetings, reschedules meetings, and generally works in reactive mode, you should not be surprised when these things happen at the end of the quarter. In many cases, these prospects or dream clients don’t even know it’s the end of the quarter (unless they’re salespeople).Forecasting DealsThe likelihood that a deal that has pushed once comes in during the next quarter is high. The odds of a deal with a client that has a pattern of not being able to keep their commitments is far less certain.Some sales managers and sales leaders do bad math when they forecast, relying on the stage in their sales process as a guide to forecasting. Many make the mistake of believing that the fact that a client has a contract and made a commitment to sign it is enough to forecast the deal confidently. Later, they are disappointed when these deals push.In many cases, the experience pursuing the deal provided substantial evidence the deal was likely to push. The pattern of behavior on the client’s side offers a better indication as to when the deal will close than the stage in the process.You are going to work with prospects and dream clients who are going to experience events and go through stages where it is difficult to get things done. Your role is to help them as much as you possibly can, taking into account that they’re struggling. If you want to help them, the best thing you can do is learn to control the nonlinear process that is the sales, buying, and change.The One Push RuleIf a deal pushes once with a prospect who has a history of keeping their commitments, forecast it (if it doesn’t break your heart and cross the line the second day of a new quarter).If a deal pushes more than once, pursue it, but leave it off of your forecast, especially if there is a pattern that suggests your dram client is struggling to keep their commitments.
Three minors died and at least 80 have been hospitalised owing to suspected food poisoning during a ”vastu shanti” ceremony at Mhahad village near Khopoli city in Raigad district of Maharashtra.Officials said the incident occurred on Monday around 9 p.m., when around 500 villagers were invited by Subhash Mane for dinner at a local temple on the occasion of him building a new house.According to the Khalapur police, some children started complaining of nausea and vomiting after the first round of dinner was served. Later, after some adults too started complaining of the same. They were all taken to Parvati Hospital in Khopoli.When the number of patients started increasing, the patients were shifted to Gandhi hospital in Panvel, MGM hospital in Kamothe and DY Patil in Nerul.The deceased children have been identified as Kalyani Shingude (7), Rishikesh Shinde (12) and Pragati Shinde (13), confirmed Khalapur police officials, adding that Accidental Death Reports had been registered and inquiries were under way.
The national executive of the Samajwadi Party on Saturday authorised president Akhilesh Yadav to decide on alliances with other parties for the 2019 Lok Sabha election. However, the party remained silent on the formation or current status of the possible tie-ups.The SP national executive meet held in Lucknow was attended by Mr. Akhilesh Yadav and other senior leaders like Kironmoy Nanda, Jaya Bachhan and Ram Gopal Yadav.Briefing the media after the meet, SP national general secretary Ram Gopal Yadav, who is also Mr. Akhilesh Yadav’s uncle, said his nephew would take the final call on the issue of seat sharing and alliances in UP.”What he thinks proper, that many seats the party will fight on, it depends on him. Whatever he decides will be accepted by the party,” said Mr. Ram Gopal Yadav.According to a senior SP leader, the party looks set to have a seat-sharing understanding with the BSP but is still waiting to assess if an alliance with the Congress would be feasible.“There is still a lot of time. It will depend on the prevailing political paradigm,”said the leader after the meeting.Senior SP leader Azam Khan was absent from the meeting and when asked for his comments Mr. Ram Gopal Yadav downplayed it and asked if it was necessary for everybody to attend. “Ninety per cent leaders were present,” he said.The SP national executive also resolved to contest the upcoming elections through ballot and not the EVM.
The day the Central Bureau of Investigation began its probe into the alleged rape of 34 girls at a shelter home in Muzaffarpur, in another corner of the town, all six accused in the 2012 Navruna Chakravarty abduction case walked out on bail as sleuths from the agency failed to submit a chargesheet.The CBI’s delayed and inconclusive probe into the six-year-old case has raised the question whether it would be able to solve the Muzaffarpur shelter home rape case. State officials told The Hindu that the CBI has a very poor track record in solving cases handed over to it by the Nitish Kumar government. In the last 10 years, the Bihar government has recommended CBI probe in at least eight cases but none of them have been closed yet, said the officials.2012 caseThe abduction of 12-year-old Navruna Chakravarty from her house in Muzaffarpur had hit the headlines in September 2012. The schoolgirl was abducted on the intervening night of September 17 and 18 by some land mafia members who were eyeing her father’s prime property in the town. The culprits were allegedly hand in glove with local politicians and police officers. The case was first handled by the district police and then by the CID. After much hue and cry, Chief Minister Nitish Kumar handed over the case to the CBI in February 2014, but nothing has come out of it so far. Navruna’s residence at Jawaharlal Road is just a few kilometers away from the shelter home for girls at Sahu Road in Muzaffarpur. Navruna is still traceless.Navruna’s father Atulya Chakravarty, then a medical representative, did not lose hope and continuously followed the case braving all threats and intimidations. He approached the Supreme Court for monitoring the investigation by the CBI and despite five deadlines by the court, the agency has not been able to do much in the case. When the apex court issued the last deadline — September 15, 2018 — the CBI got into action and arrested six persons, including local politician Shah Alam Shabbu on April 28. However, it failed to submit a chargesheet against the accused within the stipulated 90-day time and special CBI court judge Rajiv Ranjan Singh on Monday granted them bail under Section 167(2) para(a) of the CrPC. “Now, my all hopes hinge on the Supreme Court. The CBI has failed to crack a simple case of abduction of my daughter in the last four years,” Mr. Chakravarty told The Hindu over phone. “I am keeping my fingers crossed whether the agency will do justice in the Muzaffarpur shelter home rape case. When they [CBI] could not do justice with a single girl, how would I expect them to do justice to all the 34 girls,” he added. The SC is scheduled to hear the Navruna case on September 18.
The West Bengal government has acquired around 300 acres of land along the Bangladesh border for fencing and construction of border pillars.The acquisition, stuck for years, was done after Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh shot off a letter to West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee in June.The delay in acquisition of land spread along the Bangladesh border was hindering the security grid planned by the Centre to stop illegal infiltration and cattle smuggling. India shares a 4,096-km border with Bangladesh of which 2,216 km falls in West Bengal. Letters to other CMs“The Home Minister had last reviewed the border-related works in May when he was told that the largest acquisition was to be done in West Bengal. He wrote to the West Bengal Chief Minister and sought her cooperation in expediting the work. Subsequently, 300 acres of land were acquired,” said a senior Home Ministry official.Mr. Singh had also written to Chief Ministers of Uttar Pradesh, Meghalaya, Tripura and Bihar, which helped resolve pending issues related to the acquisition of land in the States along the International Border.The Home Minister on Friday reviewed the progress of various projects being undertaken along the borders with China, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan and Myanmar. He was told that various border-related projects were delayed to lack of environmental clearances for construction.Mr. Singh also reviewed the progress of ongoing projects being executed by the Land Ports Authority of India and the border management division under the Home Ministry. There was very good progress and Integrated Check Posts at five border-crossing points out of seven approved projects have been completed, an official statement said.Terminals for smooth movement of goods and people at ICP Raxaul and ICP Jogbani on the India-Nepal border, ICP Petrapole and ICP Agartala on the India-Bangladesh border and ICP Attari on India-Pakistan border have been made functional. At each ICP, facilities have been constructed for customs clearance, immigration, warehouses for storage of goods, approach roads and terminal buildings to adequately handle import and export of goods and entry and exit of people.Work on ICP Moreh on the India-Myanmar border and ICP Dawki on India-Bangladesh border is in an advanced stage of completion. The total approved expenditure for the seven ICPs is over ₹700 crore, the statement said.The Home Minister also directed officials to take up construction of an additional 13 ICPs — Hili, Jaigaon, Ghojadanga, Mahadipur, Changrabandha, Fulbari, Rupaidiha, Kawrpuichhuah, Panitanki, Sutarkandi, Sunauli, Banbasa and Bhithamore — and the passenger terminal at Petrapole, the statement said.Projects have been taken up for construction of 18 coastal border outposts (BOPs) in Gujarat and improvement of border floodlighting in Punjab and Rajasthan. Some floating BOPs have also been approved in Gujarat and West Bengal. To improve coastal security, 121 coastal police stations have been operationalised, 30 jetties constructed and biometric cards issued to 18.5 lakh fishermen, the statement said.
Odisha Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik has said that the State has not yet received any Central assistance to carry out restoration work in the areas hit by cyclone Titli and demanded that the same be released immediately. In a letter to Home Minister Rajnath Singh on Thursday, Mr. Patnaik said the cyclone that hit Odisha in October affected 60.31 lakh people in 17 districts of the State. Memorandum submitted“The State government has submitted a memorandum to the Government of India seeking a Central assistance of ₹2,023.13 crore against the total requirement of ₹2,779.32 crore for relief and restoration measures,” Mr. Patnaik wrote. He said he had written to Prime Minister Narendra Modi on October 18, seeking an interim assistance of ₹1,000 crore. “The inter-Ministerial Central team had already made an on-the-spot assessment of the damages during the first week of November 2018. However, we have not received any assistance, so far, from the Government of India,” he said.Mr. Patnaik said ₹1,689.13 crore released for relief and restoration work from the State Disaster Response Fund has been utilised. The Chief Minister sought “personal attention” of the Union Home Minister for “immediate” release of the Central assistance to Odisha for undertaking repair and restoration work, squaring up the liabilities and smooth management of other disasters. ‘Paltry compensation’Meanwhile, a farmers’ organisation has alleged that the State government is giving only ₹2,200 per acre compensation for the cyclone-devastated paddy crop, while adjoining Andhra Pradesh was paying ₹20,000 per acre.The Odisha Krushak Sabha added that the State government was also not providing adequate bonus to farmers during paddy procurement, whereas the Kerala government has decided to give ₹500 bonus over the Central government-prescribed Minimum Support Price.During the 2017 Kharif season, insurance companies collected ₹986 crore as premium from the farmers but paid only ₹200 crore as insurance cover. The OKS alleged that the official assessment of paddy crop loss due to pests alone was ₹2,000 crore.According to the OKS, unlike its counterpart in Karnataka, the Odisha government has not even thought of waiver of agricultural loans. Accusing the Naveen Patnaik government of ignoring the farmers, OKS leader Harikrushna Reddy said: “If this trend continues, the ruling regime may also face the wrath of the farmers in the near future.” The OKS is now planning to start a peasants’ movement to press for its demands.(With inputs from Sib Kumar Das)
A fire broke out on the fourth floor of Metro Hospital in Noida, New Delhi on Thursday. A fire broke out in Metro Hospital and Heart Institute in Noida on Thursday, trapping several people inside the multi-storeyed building.There were no immediate reports of any casualties, officials said.About 30-35 patients were rescued and shifted to local hospitals, said Vaibhav Krishna, Senior Superintendent of Police, Gautam Buddha Nagar. | Photo Credit: Special Arrangement Four fire tenders were rushed to the spot and the situation is “now under control”, Mr. Krishna told PTI.Staffers tried to help patients out of the building in Noida, a suburban town in Uttar Pradesh on the outskirts of the national capital.Thick smoke was seen billowing out of the building in Sector 12. People stood on ledges and on balconies as rescuers tried to reach them by smashing glass window panes.
Lakhs of people residing in Odisha’s forested regions are panicked over possible eviction from their homeland in the wake of the Supreme Court’s recent order on the Forest Rights Act. A total of 1,45,524 applications seeking recognition of Individual Forest Rights (IFR) have been rejected in the State by the Supreme Court.“The State government must come to our rescue and help review our applications immediately,” said Khageshwar Majhi of Gadiajore village under Nuapada district, whose application has been rejected.Activists, however, felt that four months may be too little time to complete verification, re-verification or review process pending with the State government.“Lack of sufficient evidence has been found to be the cause of rejection in 50,492 applications. People residing in forest areas belong to the lowest strata of society. They have no knowledge of documenting their properties. Under this circumstance, considerate view should be taken while reviewing their claims,” said Y. Giri Rao, a leading activist for people’s right on forest resources. He said the statutory time frame provided for the review of rejected applications at the gram sabha, sub-divisional and district levels would take around 200 days.
However, the official in Delhi said the Trinamool’s claim was “incorrect”. “Two attempts were made on Saturday morning by the Prime Minister’s staff to connect the Prime Minister to the CM on phone. The first time they were told that the CM is on tour, and that the call will be returned. On the second occasion too, the staff were told by the CM’s office that the call would be returned,” the official said.The Prime Minister tweeted earlier reiterating the Centre’s readiness to provide all help to cope with the cyclone. “Spoke to Shri Keshari Nath Tripathi Ji, Governor of West Bengal, on the situation due to Cyclone Fani. Reiterated the Centre’s readiness to provide all help needed to cope with the cyclone,” read the tweet. The Trinamool described it as an attack on the “federal structure”. Briefing on Cyclone Fani: PM must have called Mamata, says Trinamool A day after the Trinamool Congress criticised Prime Minister Narendra Modi for speaking to West Bengal Governor Keshari Nath Tripathi instead of Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee on post-Fani relief and rehabilitation work, a government official clarified on Sunday that the PM’s staff had tried to contact the CM twice but failed. It was due to Ms. Banerjee’s reluctance to receive or return Mr. Modi’s call that the Prime Minister spoke to the Governor, said the government source.On Saturday, Trinamool said it was “unfortunate” that Mr. Modi had chosen to speak to the Governor instead of the CM. Trinamool secretary-general Partha Chatterjee alleged that by calling the Governor, Mr. Modi has “acted as the leader of BJP, not as a Prime Minister.” The Trinamool leadership also pointed out that the Prime Minister spoke to Odisha Chief Minister but not to Ms. Banerjee.Also Read
BRUSSELS—The European Commission has proposed to revamp Europe-wide regulations to improve the prospects of its booming organic farming sector. The commission says its plan will boost research into organic farming—from pest and disease management to techniques for organic seed production and the coexistence of organic farming with nonorganic agriculture.The reform will help farmers catch up with soaring consumer demand for organic food, said Dacian Cioloş, Europe’s agriculture commissioner, during the plan’s presentation here yesterday. The European Union’s market for organic products has increased fourfold in the last decade, reaching €20.9 billion in 2012, while the bloc’s organic farmland has only doubled in the same period.The commission’s proposal includes draft legislation to harmonize and tighten rules across the bloc as well as a nonbinding action plan, which lists policy intentions and practical steps to prepare the shift to a revamped legal regime.Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)Under this plan, the commission says it will organize a conference next year to identify research and innovation priorities for food producers. Its outcomes will be used to define research topics under Horizon 2020, the European Union’s 7-year research funding program.While organic farmers are now allowed to feed their animals 5% of conventional feed, or to use nonorganic seeds under some conditions, they would have to go 100% organic under the new regulation. The commission hopes that this obligation will boost research and innovation in the area of protein and micronutrient supply for animals, and techniques to breed organic seeds, which are currently in scarce supply.Copa-Cogeca, a lobby group that represents European farmers in Brussels, has warned that if rules are too tight, they will curb the growth of organic farming. “The rules must not discourage new farmers from converting into organic farming nor existing organic farmers to continue production,” a Copa-Cogeca spokeswoman tells ScienceInsider in an e-mail.The commission’s action plan lists other research areas that deserve particular attention, including new ways to stave off pests and diseases; alternatives to copper products for plant protection; and the coexistence of organic farming with regular agriculture. The commission also wants to bolster the uptake of existing research results in the fields, including findings from conventional farming research that could be relevant to organic agriculture, says an E.U. official.At the moment, it is not clear how much of the European Union’s agriculture science budget will fund research relevant to organic farming; IFOAM EU, an advocacy group for organic farming, is arguing that 10% of it should go to organic farming topics to reflect the growing importance of the sector.Philippe Baret, a geneticist at the Université Catholique de Louvain in Belgium, says that Europe needs a broader research agenda that includes economic and regulatory issues, not just technical solutions. Scientists shouldn’t just study how conventional and organic farming coexist from a technical point of view, for instance, but should also compare their relative benefits for human health and the environment, he says. “Organic farming is not alone in a bubble,” Baret says.While the action plan can be rolled out immediately, the commission’s draft regulation has to be examined by the European Parliament and the Council of Ministers, which represents the European Union’s 28 member states. The commission expects that the reform could take effect in 2017.*Correction, 27 March, 10:55 a.m.: Due to a translation error, a previous version of this article listed Philippe Baret’s affiliation as the Catholic University of Leuven. This has been corrected to the Université Catholique de Louvain.
A trove of fossilized footprints found in Alaska’s Denali National Park and Preserve in 2007 is providing a wealth of information about dinosaur behavior, researchers say. The thousands of impressions, created on a 180-meter-long portion of near-coastal flood plain, today pepper a steep mountainside. Most of the tracks, made somewhere between 69 million and 72 million years ago, were left by hadrosaurs, commonly known as duck-billed dinosaurs (the crested creatures in this artist’s representation). The consistent and excellent preservation of tracks suggests all the footprints were created within a short time period. Varying in width from 8 to 64 centimeters, the footprints cluster within four distinct size ranges, which researchers suggest represent specific age groups within a multigenerational herd. About 84% of the tracks were made by adult and near-adult hadrosaurs and 13% by young presumed to be less than 1 year old. A mere 3% of the tracks represent juvenile hadrosaurs, a rarity that strongly suggests the young of this species experienced a rapid growth spurt and therefore spent only a short time at this vulnerable size, the researchers report online this week in Geology. (Previous analyses of fossilized bones also hinted at a growth spurt among hadrosaur youngsters, the researchers note.) The presence of juveniles in the herd also strongly hints that these creatures spent their entire lives in the Arctic, the team says; hadrosaurs of that size wouldn’t have had the size or stamina to migrate to and from warmer climates during wintertime, as some scientists have proposed.
Google has already gotten into the age-fighting business. Now another Silicon Valley initiative is taking aim at the science of boosting longevity. The Palo Alto Longevity Prize, announced yesterday at a shindig in San Francisco, is offering $1 million to scientists who can solve two aging-related research challenges.Joon Yun, an M.D. who is president of the health care investment firm Palo Alto Investors in California, put up the prize money. Researchers have plenty of fresh ideas about how to boost health and stretch lifespan, but few were getting public attention, he says. “We needed a way to accelerate these ideas into action.”The prize’s immodest goal is to stop aging, but it’s starting out with two less ambitious competitions that could represent steps toward that objective. One $500,000 award will go to the research team that can restore an older animal’s homeostatic capacity—its ability to balance its internal conditions—to a youthful level. As a gauge of that capacity, the prize organizers selected variability in heart rate. Not only is reduced variability linked to age-related diseases, Yun says, but heart rate is also easy and cheap to measure, potentially allowing more scientists to take part in the challenge.Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)The other $500,000 award will go to researchers who induce a lifespan increase of 50% in a laboratory animal. In both challenges, the standard of comparison will be set using a “reference mammal” whose identity the prize’s organizers are not disclosing to the public. (Mice, rats, and other mammals are commonly used in aging research.)Eleven scientific teams have already signed up to take part. They found out about the project by word of mouth, Yun says, and are pursuing approaches ranging from using stem cells to replace faltering cells, to stimulating the parasympathetic nervous system, which manages maintenance functions such as digestion and saliva secretion. Any researchers who think they have a bright idea can sign up no later than June 2015. Teams will have to pay an entry fee of $1000 or $2000, depending on when they enroll. The deadline to produce results for the homeostatic challenge is June 2016; the longevity competition will run until September 2018.Although the prize doesn’t include money to conduct the research, the organizers will help scientists make contact with potential funders, notes Keith Powers, who is the producer of the prize. Moreover, he says, “the prize mechanism can draw investors” because it makes potential donors aware of the research and informs them about how to get involved.Still, some researchers who study aging are skeptical. Arlan Richardson, a physiologist at the University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center in Oklahoma City, says that the challenges could have a beneficial effect by increasing public interest and thus drawing money to aging research. But Richardson questions their scientific value and practicality.He’s concerned, for example, about the results of the longevity challenge. Conducting a lifespan experiment in mice takes about 3.5 years, he says, and the results then need to be verified, preferably by a different lab. Richardson notes that the literature is littered with examples of dramatic lifespan increases in experimental animals that dwindled or disappeared when researchers attempted to replicate them. “Frankly, from a scientific standpoint it’s going to have very little impact,” he says of the prize.
Sometimes a male chimp just needs to drum. Hooting and hollering, he gallops up to the giant buttress root of a tree, grips its crest with his hands, and beats on its wall-like surface with both feet, making a racket that can be heard more than a kilometer away. Now, new research from Uganda suggests these drum solos contain signature rhythmic patterns that may telegraph an individual’s whereabouts to distant troopmates. The findings could provide insight into how rhythm first evolved in humans.Drumming has puzzled naturalists for years. “Chimps produce this really wonderful resonant sound that goes booming through the forest,” explains chimpanzee researcher Michael Wilson of the University of Minnesota, Twin Cities, who was not involved in the new work. “We knew they were drumming, but we didn’t really know why. This seems to be a pretty good explanation.”Male chimpanzees use buttress drumming (shown in this video) as occasional punctuation to their more common pant hoot calls. Chimps pant hoot for many reasons, including to threaten rivals or intimidate potential mates. Buttress drumming is physically impressive, requiring muscle, skill, and timing to pull off, which has led some naturalists to suppose that drumming, too, is intended to shock and awe. Because the sound of drumming carries further than pant hoots, researchers speculated it could also let chimps communicate over long distances.Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)Psychologist Katie Slocombe of the University of York in the United Kingdom wondered what information drumming might carry. During fieldwork in Uganda, she noticed that she could identify different chimps in the troop she studied based on their distinctive drumming styles. “I thought, ‘If I can, I’m sure the other chimps can,’ ” she says, and anecdotally noticed that chimps seemed to pay more attention to the drumming of more important troopmates. She hypothesized that large chimpanzee troops use drumming to keep track of one another as they roam their wide territories, which can range from the size of New York City’s Central Park to the size of Manhattan island. Whether chimps want to find or avoid one another, Slocombe says, “having a good idea of where everyone is spatially in the forest could really help.”To test her idea, Slocombe and her colleagues analyzed the social context of 293 pant hoots recorded over 3 years to see what influenced the troop’s 13 males to add drumming to their calls. If chimps drum merely to flaunt their physical prowess, dominant males should drum most often, the researchers reasoned, particularly when potential rivals or fertile females are nearby. They found that older, more experienced males did drum more than other troop members, but the drummer’s rank and the makeup of the local audience played little role. Instead, the decision to drum seemed most related to whether males were on the move. Chimps paired pant hoots with buttress drumming 75% of the time when traveling, compared with only 40% of the time while resting and 10% while eating.Traveling males also drummed with distinctive rhythmic flair, the researchers found. Recordings of drumming by eight adult males made between 2003 and 2011 revealed significant differences in how long the males liked to drum, their fondness for doublets and pauses, and how many beats they could squeeze into a drumming bout. The chimps’ drumming styles were distinct enough for a statistical algorithm to correctly identify the drummer 47.5% of the time based on these simple rhythmic features, a good score considering chance identification of one chimp out of eight would be only 12.5%. Subjectively, the team also identified more complex acoustic differences between the chimp’s drum solos that could convey even more information, Slocombe says, though there were too few samples to analyze fully. This led Slocombe and her colleagues to conclude that traveling chimpanzees could use signature drumming styles to convey their location to distant troopmates, they report in this month’s issue of the American Journal of Physical Anthropology.“This shows that rhythmic abilities are not uniquely human,” Slocombe says. If humans’ common ancestors with chimpanzees had this ability, she speculates, it could illuminate how musical rhythm could have emerged in the human lineage. “Coordinating movement over very long distances might have been why the earliest humans started to drum,” she says.More research is needed to prove that chimps really use drumming to help find one another in the forest, cautions Adam Clark Arcadi, an anthropologist at Cornell University who was not involved in the current work but also studies buttress drumming. “The possibility that there are drumming signatures is intriguing,” but it’s still not proven that other chimps are paying attention to this information, he says. Observing how chimps respond to recorded drumming bouts could further demonstrate whether drumming contains a threat or a more benign message.
The United Kingdom plans to create the world’s largest fully protected marine reserve in South Pacific waters surrounding the Pitcairn Islands—and they are counting on satellites to help police it. Yesterday’s announcement of the 834,334-square-kilometer reserve marks the latest move to create a mega–marine reserve, following similar moves by other nations. “This is a major development in marine conservation,” says Elliott Norse, chief scientist of the Marine Conservation Institute in Seattle, Washington. “Adding another really big, important, protected area to the world’s pathetically small list of big, imported protected areas—that’s a big thing.”The announcement of the reserve, which will bar commercial fishing, mining, and other extractive uses, came in the U.K. government’s 2015 budget. It states that designation of the reserve “will be dependent upon reaching agreement with [nongovernmental organizations] on satellite monitoring” of reserve users, including fishing fleets, and on reaching deals with regional port authorities “to prevent landing of illegal catch.” The government also wants to identify “a practical naval method of enforcing” sea life protections “at a cost that can be accommodated within existing departmental expenditure limits.”According to the Pew Charitable Trusts in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the designation marks the first time any government has combined the creation of a fully protected marine reserve with a detailed plan for surveillance and enforcement using state-of-the-art technology. The Bertarelli Foundation in Gstaad, Switzerland, announced that it will help pay for real-time satellite monitoring of the reserve for 5 years, in collaboration with the Pew Foundation and a U.K.-based company, Satellite Applications Catapult.The new reserve will begin 12 nautical miles from Pitcairn Islands’ shore, and extend out to the full 200-nautical-mile limit, encompassing 99% of the territory’s exclusive economic zone. The Pitcairn Islands’ roughly 50 inhabitants, descendants of the HMS Bounty’s mutineers, will be allowed to continue traditional subsistence fishing operations.The reserve is roughly 3.5 times the size of the United Kingdom and is home to at least 1249 species of marine mammals, seabirds, and fish. The waters are also hold the 40 Mile Reef, one of the deepest well-developed coral reef communities known. The area is relatively untouched, conservationists say, and “there’s not a lot of places in the world’s oceans at this point that are still relatively pristine,” says Matt Rand, director of Pew’s Global Ocean Legacy project in Washington, D.C. “These places are places that need human protection if the life in them is to survive the hard times that we are headed for—the hard times that human activities are causing,” Norse says.Even with today’s announcement, less than 1% of the world’s oceans are fully protected within reserves.
As multi-agency probe continues in India into alleged lapses involving ICICI BankNSE -0.64 %’s chief Chanda Kochhar and her family members, the matter has also come under the scanner of the US markets regulator SEC. Read it at Economic Times Related Items
In a bid to strengthen the engagement of the overseas Indian community and reconnect them with their roots, the government of India organises the Pravasi Bharatiya Divas (PBD) once in every two years. The PBD conventions are being held every year since 2003. The PBD is being celebrated on January 9 every year to mark the contribution of Overseas Indian community in the development of India. This year, India will celebrate the 15th PBD Convention in Uttar Pradesh’s Varanasi. Pravasi Bharatiya Divas 2019 to Be Held in Varanasi, Says Anurag Kumar.Read it at Latestly Related Items
Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. LOOK: Venues for 2019 SEA Games MOST READ LATEST STORIES Brace for potentially devastating typhoon approaching PH – NDRRMC View comments Star import under close scrutiny WATCH: Streetboys show off slick dance moves in Vhong Navarro’s wedding Catriona Gray spends Thanksgiving by preparing meals for people with illnesses SEA Games in Calabarzon safe, secure – Solcom chief UPLB exempted from SEA Games class suspension “You cannot be overconfident against Mapua. They can play,” Meneses said. “If we don’t do things right, they’re going to beat us.”The Lions can stay within striking distance of the Pirates with a victory over the Chiefs who snapped their slide by trouncing St. Benilde, 87-81.The Chiefs’ win also marked the breakout game of rookie guard Levi Dela Cruz, who exploded for 24 points on a 4-of-8 shooting from beyond the arc.“We have to be ready because they have players who can step up also,” said San Beda coach Boyet Fernandez.After losing to Lyceum early in the season, San Beda has quietly piled up five straight victories with Robert Bolick and Jayvee Mocon at the forefront of its relentless attack.ADVERTISEMENT The Heavy Bombers look to continue their surge as they take on the struggling Cardinals of Mapua at 2 p.m.After a sputtering start, the Bombers have racked up three straight victories, including a 70-60 triumph over San Sebastian last Thursday.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSWATCH: Drones light up sky in final leg of SEA Games torch runSPORTSSEA Games: Philippines picks up 1st win in men’s water poloSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutout“If we’re playing to our potential, I don’t fear any team in the league,” JRU coach Vergel Meneses said of the Bombers, who are running third at 5-3. “It’s really up to the players if they’re willing to rise to the challenge.”The Bombers own the league’s stingiest defense, allowing just 62.8 points an outing. Still, Meneses said JRU can’t take Mapua lightly despite its 1-7 record. Trending Articles PLAY LIST 00:50Trending Articles02:12San Beda, Lyceum early favorites ahead of NCAA Season 9302:11’Not just basketball’: Circumcisions, pageants at Philippine courts01:37Protesters burn down Iran consulate in Najaf01:47Panelo casts doubts on Robredo’s drug war ‘discoveries’01:29Police teams find crossbows, bows in HK university01:35Panelo suggests discounted SEA Games tickets for students02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games Typhoon Kammuri accelerates, gains strength en route to PH Kammuri turning to super typhoon less likely but possible — Pagasa Read Next San Beda and Jose Rizal U seek to close out the first round on a positive note when they clash with separate rivals on Tuesday in the NCAA Season 93 men’s basketball tournament at Filoil Flying V Centre in San Juan.Running second behind Lyceum, the Red Lions go up against the dangerous Arellano Chiefs at 4 p.m. in their first meeting since the finals last season won by San Beda via a two-game sweep.ADVERTISEMENT